Carbohydrate Missed Slides, Fall 2011

Carbohydrate Missed Slides, Fall 2011 - III. Carbohydrates...

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1 III. Carbohydrates in the Body A. Carbohydrate digestion 1. Mouth a. Salivary amylase Begins digestion of starch Starch dextrins maltose Starch * III. Carbohydrate Digestion 2. Small intestine a. Pancreatic amylase digests starch to maltose primary enzyme for starch digestion *
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2 2. Small Intestine b. Disaccharidases produced by intestinal mucosal cells digest disaccharides into monosaccharides sucrase: sucrose glucose + fructose lactase: lactose glucose + galactose maltase: maltose glucose + glucose *
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3 B. Absorption of Carbohydrates 1. Mechanisms active transport: glucose, galactose facilitated diffusion: fructose 2. Movement into circulation l ll l ill i lumen mucosal cell capillaries capillaries portal vein liver *
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4
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5 Conclusions- Added Sugars Empty calories Sugar sweetened beverages promote obesity Inc. risk of heart disease Fructose raises triglycerides May inc. risk of developing diabetes May boost visceral fat deposition May increase risk of gout May promoter overeating Low intake of added sugars may control BP Most sugary foods are junk
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6 B. Diabetes 2. Risk Factors for Gestational Diabetes
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2011 for the course HUN 2201 taught by Professor Sitren during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.

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Carbohydrate Missed Slides, Fall 2011 - III. Carbohydrates...

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