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Energy Balance and Weight Management- Sample Test Questions

Energy Balance and Weight Management- Sample Test Questions...

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Unformatted text preview: Energy Balance and Weight Management‐ Sample Test Questions 1) What would be the approximate weight gain of a person who consumes an excess of 500 kcalories daily for one month? a. 0.5 lb b. 2 lbs c. 3 lbs d. 4 lbs 2) Which of the following describes an association between energy measurement and foods? a. Indirect calorimetry cannot be used to determine the energy value of alcohol b. A bomb calorimeter measures the amount of oxygen released when a food is oxidized c. Direct calorimetry and indirect calorimetry of the same food rarely give similar values d. The physiological fuel value of a food is almost always lower than the energy value of that food as determined by bomb calorimetry 3) The feeling of satisfaction resulting from consumption of a meal is termed a. satiety. b. appetite. c. postabsorptive hunger. d. resting postabsorptive increment. 4) Among the following, which has the greatest power to suppress hunger? a. Apples b. Peanuts c. Doughnuts d. Potato chips 5) Which of the following does not decrease the metabolic rate? a. Fever b. Fasting c. Sleeping d. Malnutrition 6) Which of the following is a feature of the body mass index? a. It correlates with disease risks b. It decreases by 1 unit for every 10 years of life c. It provides an estimate of the fat level of the body d. It is defined as the person’s height divided by the square of the weight Energy Balance and Weight Management‐ Sample Test Questions 2 7) Which of the following is a characteristic of excess intra‐abdominal fat? a. It is more common in women than men b. It is not as good an indicator of degenerative diseases as the BMI c. It is found in smokers more often than nonsmokers even though smokers have a lower BMI d. It is associated with increased risk for heart disease and diabetes in men but not in women 8) Jacki, who has a sedentary lifestyle, is 5’5” tall and weighs 165 lbs. She calculated her BMI to be 27.5. She recognizes that her body weight is unhealthy and vows to improve her eating habits and begin a regular program of physical fitness. Her goal is to achieve a BMI of 22. Approximately how much weight (lbs) must she lose? a. 21 b. 27 c. 33 d. 41 9) What is the approximate value for the thermic effect of a 2500‐kcalorie diet? a. 25 kcal b. 250 kcal c. 400 kcal d. 500 kcal 10) What is the approximate daily basal metabolism of a 110‐pound woman? a. 500 kcal b. 1000 kcal c. 1500 kcal d. 2000 kcal 11) On which organ or tissue does leptin primarily act? a. Pancreas b. Intestines c. Adipocytes d. Hypothalamus 12) Which of the following is a feature of ghrelin? a. High blood levels are found in obese people b. Its major role in the body is in suppressing appetite c. It is secreted by adipocytes and promotes negative energy balance d. Its blood concentration is very high in people with anorexia nervosa 13) To help prevent body fat gain, the DRI suggests daily, moderately intense, physical activities totaling a. 20 minutes. b. 60 minutes. c. 1½ hours. d. 3 hours. Energy Balance and Weight Management‐ Sample Test Questions 3 14) What is the primary action of orlistat, a weight loss drug? a. It reduces taste sensation b. It inhibits lipoprotein lipase c. It inhibits pancreatic lipase d. It alters circulating leptin concentrations 15) All of the following are characteristics of the results of weight loss surgery except a. hunger is suppressed. b. deficiencies of vitamins and minerals are common in the long term. c. dramatic improvements are seen in blood lipids, diabetes, and blood pressure. d. medical supervision in the postsurgery period is required only for the first 6‐ 9 months. 16) In a weight reduction regimen, the most realistic time frame for losing 10% of initial body weight is a. 6 weeks. b. 3 months. c. 6 months. d. 1 year. 17) What is the best approach to weight loss? a. Avoid foods containing carbohydrates b. Eliminate all fats from the diet and decrease water intake c Greatly increase protein intake to prevent body protein loss d Reduce daily energy intake and increase energy expenditure 18) All of the following are hormones that promote satiety except a. PYY. b. CCK. c. leptin. d. ghrelin. Energy Balance and Weight Management‐ Sample Test Questions ...
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