HUN2201 Carbohydrates Lecture Outline

HUN2201 Carbohydrates Lecture Outline - Appendix O...

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Appendix O (Carbohydrates) I. INTRODUCTION What is a Carbohydrate? Essential ______________ nutrient Composed of 3 elements- ____, ____, ____’ a “_____________” of carbon Made in ______________; formed during_____________________ Also found in __________ Photosynthesis = _______ + ________ + Energy ___________ + __________ II. TYPES OF CARBOHYDRATES A. Simple Carbohydrates (_______________) 1. Monosaccharides Single _____________ units Ring structure with __________________ units a. Glucose; also called “___________sugar”, “_______________” Found in- __________________, _________________, _________________ b. Fructose; also called “_____________ sugar”, “_________________” Found in ____________, _____________, ___________________ c. Galactose; part of ______________________ (a ____________________) Not found free in __________________ d. Other monosaccharides- Ribose (part of _______), deoxyribose (part of _______) 2. Disaccharides- 2 _____________________ units linked a. Sucrose = ______________ + __________________ Made from _______________ and _________________ Also called ____________ sugar b. Lactose = _______________ + _________________ Found in ____________ and ______________ products Also called _____________ sugar c. Maltose = _______________ + ________________ Very _____________ found in ________________
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Appendix O (Carbohydrates) 3. Basic Chemical Reactions a. Condensation (___________________) Joins two ___________________; releases ________________ b. Hydrolysis (__________________) Separates ____________________; requires ________________ B. Complex Carbohydrates Polysaccharides: >_________ monosaccharides Examples: ____________, __________, ____________________ Olgosaccharides: _____ to ______ monosaccharides Food sources: _______________, _________, _______________ Examples: ______________, _________________ 1. Starch- long chains of ____________________________; 2 types ________________ (straight chain), ____________________ (branched chain) Food sources- ____________, __________________, _________________ 2. Glycogen- body’s storage form of ___________________ Source of stored -______________; found in ___________ and ____________ Highly ________________; little to _________ in the _______________ 3. Fiber: _________________ vs. ____________________ fiber Dietary = _____________ carbs and intact ________; intrinsic to ____________ Functional fiber = isolated ____________ carbohydrates; added to ___________ Total fiber = ____________ fiber + _____________ fiber a. Cellulose, _____________________, lignins ___________________ fibers- plant _________________________ “___________________” Food sources; _________________________________________________ b. Pectins, ___________, mucilages, ____________________ Cellular _____________; _______________ or ____________________ Found in:____________________________________________________ Extracted and used as _________________________________
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2011 for the course HUN 2201 taught by Professor Sitren during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.

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HUN2201 Carbohydrates Lecture Outline - Appendix O...

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