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HUN2201 Energy Balance and Weight Management Lecture Outline

HUN2201 Energy Balance and Weight Management Lecture...

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Appendix O (Energy Balance & Weight Management) I. INTRODUCTION A. ___________ of Energy _____________ _____________ vs ______________ o __________ = kcal _______________ o __________ = kcal _______________ B. _______________________ of ____________ Balance 1. Intake = ____________ (__________________) weight _________________ 2. Intake ___ Output (_____________ balance) weight _________ 3. Intake ___ Output (_____________ balance) weight _________ II. ENERGY INTAKE A. _____________ of ____________ ___________________ Fat ______________ ______________ B. Energy _____________ of ___________ 1. Measurement bomb _________________ _________ production 2. Estimation ______/gram factors Carbohydrates = ____ Protein = ____ Alcohol = ____ Fat = ____ C. ______________________ of Energy ___________ Complex ___________ o _____________ system o _____________
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Appendix O (Energy Balance & Weight Management) o human _____________ 1. _______________ Signals Hunger ___________________ drive to ______ hormonal and ______________ system _____________ - ______________ triggers in the ___________ various _____________ - presence/_____________ of _______________ - ________/composition of last ________ - _____________ eating ______________ - _________________/activity - hormones/____________ Satiation: “________ eating” _____________ during a ________ Stomach ______________ Energy ____________ of _________ - Fat vs. __________ - ____________-most ______________ _____________: “don’t start _____________ again yet” Differs from _______________ - External/_________________ influences ____________, satiation and ____________ Eating when your _______ does _____ need it “_________________” - Stress, _______________ foods, __________ setting, etc Appetite ____________________ desire to _______ Often food _______________ Often in the ______________ of ____________ Can _______________ signals of _____________ 2. Role of the ________________________ Integrates ___________ system and _____________ signals Can ______________ or _______________ appetite 3. Important ________________ _________________ hormones ________________: stimulate ______________ & feeding - Neuropeptide ___ (______) - _____________ ___________________: reduce appetite & ______________
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Appendix O (Energy Balance & Weight Management) - ___________ - ________ - Cholecystokinin (________) ______ Tract Hormones ___________ - stimulates ___________ of _______________ hormones - (_______ appetite and feeding) Peptide ______ - _____________ orexigenic _____________ - (______ appetite and feeding) _____________ Tissue Hormones ___________ - stimulates ____________ of _________________ hormones - _____________ orexigenic hormones - (___________ appetite and feeding) 4. _________________ Cues Portion ______/food ________________ _____________________ Social/___________________ factors III. ENERGY OUTPUT A. ____________________ of Energy _____________ 1. Basal ________________ _________ (BMR) energy for _________ body ________________ ~_____-_____% of energy ________________ 2. Resting __________ ___________ (RMR) ____________ per unit ________ (e.g., _______/hr; kcal/______) Slightly __________ than ______ Factors that Affect ________ (Venn Diagram) - Increase: - Decrease: - Both Inc & Dec: 3. _______________ activity Energy for any ____________ beyond _______ ~____-____% of expenditure (___________ variable
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Appendix O (Energy Balance & Weight Management) 4. ___________ effect of food Energy for ___________________ food
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