Nutrition Anatomy- Exam Review Questions

Nutrition Anatomy- Exam Review Questions - 6 Be able to...

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HUN 2201 Lecture Revised 8/27/10 HUN2201 REVIEW QUESTIONS: EXAM I – Nutrition Anatomy DIGESTION, ABSORPTION, TRANSPORT – Text: Chapter 3 and Highlight 3 (pgs 92-97) 1. Identify the physical and chemical aspects of digestion that take place at each of the following sites along the digestive tract: mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine. 2. What is peristalsis? What is segmentation? What are sphincters and where are they located? 3. Describe how each of the following organs participates in the digestive process: salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, pancreas. 4. List four mechanisms by which nutrients are absorbed. How are these mechanisms different? 5. How does the structure of the small intestine aid in absorption? What are villi and microvilli? What is a lacteal?
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Unformatted text preview: 6. Be able to match digestive secretions (enzymes, hormones, other substances) with their function, the organ from which they are secreted, and the location in the GI tract where they are active. 7. For each nutrient group (carbohydrates, triglycerides, and proteins), describe the digestive process including enzymes, sites for chemical digestion, and end products of digestion. Identify the absorptive mechanism(s) for each. How are the triglycerides handled differently than water-soluble nutrients (carbohydrates and proteins) during digestion and absorption? 8. What products of digestion are transported by the lymphatic system? What products are transported directly into the blood? 9. Identify potential problems along the digestive tract and possible diet-related solutions....
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