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Unformatted text preview: Nutrition and Fitness‐ Sample Test Questions 1) The components of fitness include all of the following except a. strength. b. flexibility. c. bone fragility. d. cardiovascular endurance. 2) Which of the following best exemplifies an activity that promotes flexibility? a. Yoga b. Pilates c. Weight lifting d. Jumping rope 3) Athletes can safely add muscle tissue by a. tripling protein intake. b. taking hormones duplicating those of puberty. c. putting a demand on muscles by making them work harder. d. relying on protein for muscle fuel and decreasing intake of carbohydrates. 4) What high‐energy compound acts as a reservoir of energy for the maintenance of a steady supply of ATP? a. Glycerol b. Glycogen c. Fatty acids d. Creatine phosphate 5) What dietary nutrients are most effective at raising muscle glycogen concentrations? a. Fats b. Proteins c. Carbohydrates d. Chromium and iron 6) Which of the following diets promotes superior physical performance in athletes? a. High‐fat diet b. High‐protein diet c. High‐carbohydrate diet d. Normal mixed diet with vitamin supplements 7) When a marathon runner experiences the phenomenon known as “hitting the wall,” what nutrient is most likely depleted? a. Water b. Protein c. Glucose d. Fatty acids Nutrition and Fitness‐ Sample Test Questions 2 8) Which of the following describes a characteristic of fat use during physical activity? a. Upon commencing an activity, blood fatty acids rise to provide an immediate source of fuel b. Fat that is present within the muscle fiber represents the primary source of energy for that muscle c. Athletes who consume a high‐fat, low‐carbohydrate diet for even one day are at risk for depleting their glycogen reserves quickly d. After consumption of a high‐fat diet for at least 2 weeks, physical activities are performed as efficiently as from intake of a high‐carbohydrate diet 9) Which of the following is an effect of exercise on protein metabolism? a. Protein synthesis is inhibited during exercise b. Protein use as a fuel is lowest in endurance athletes c. Protein use during physical performance is generally not related to carbohydrate content of the diet d. Protein synthesis is increased slightly during exercise but thereafter diminishes by a like amount to remain in balance 10) Which of the following describes the role of protein in the diet of competitive athletes? a. The need for protein per kg body weight is higher in female athletes than in male athletes b. The need for protein is best met by increasing the level to 20‐25% of total energy content of the diet c. The need for protein in weight lifters and marathon runners may be up to 75‐100% higher than the RDA d. The need for protein in most athletes generally could not be obtained from diets meeting energy requirements but providing only 10% of the energy as protein 11) Which of the following is a characteristic of sports anemia? a. It requires prolonged treatment b. It is a temporary condition requiring no treatment c. It responds to treatment only with high doses of iron d. It is due primarily to increased iron loss via perspiration 12) The first sign of dehydration is typically a. fatigue. b. dizziness. c. intense thirst. d. intense sweating. 13) All of the following are characteristics of heat stroke except a. it is rarely fatal. b. it is due, in part, to dehydration. c. it is caused by heat buildup in the body. d. its symptoms include headache, nausea, and mental changes. Nutrition and Fitness‐ Sample Test Questions 3 14) Hyponatremia refers to low blood levels of a. water. b. sodium. c. glucose. d. potassium. 15) Sports drinks begin to provide an advantage over plain water for athletes when their exercise periods first exceed a. 15 minutes. b. 45 minutes. c. 1½ hours. d. 3 hours. 16) Why should fiber‐rich foods be avoided in an athlete’s pregame meal? a. The fiber delays absorption of fat b. The fiber interferes with glycolysis c. The meal crowds out more energy‐dense foods d. The fiber retains water in the GI tract that would otherwise be absorbed Nutrition and Fitness‐ Sample Test Questions ...
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- Fall '08