arec345lecture14handout[1]

arec345lecture14handout[1] - AREC 345 Global Poverty and...

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Unformatted text preview: AREC 345: Global Poverty and Economic Development Lecture 14 Professor: Pamela Jakiela Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics University of Maryland, College Park October 25, 2011 Announcements • Mid-term exam 2 next Wednesday • Exam starts from structural adjustment, Life & Debt • Regression-related questions fair game • Covers readings up through We Wish to Inform You • Covers lecture material through Rwanda AREC 345: Global Poverty Lecture 14, Slide 2 Overview • Civil conflict case study: Sierra Leone • Civil conflict case study: Rwanda AREC 345: Global Poverty Lecture 14, Slide 3 Sierra Leone Sierra Leone: Overview • Civil war began in 1991 when a small band of Liberian-backed rebels — the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) — crossed the border • Lasted 11 years, including several failed peace agreements • Over 50,000 killed; more than one million displaced • Notable for atrocities committed against civilians, collusion between rebels and gov’t soldiers, lack of ethnic dimension AREC 345: Global Poverty Lecture 14, Slide 5 Sierra Leone: Conflict Timeline 1991 Foday Sankoh leads RUF into eastern Sierra Leone to overthrow SL gov’t 1992 Gov’t overthrown in military coup, RUF continues conflict 1993 Civil Defense Forces (CDF) begin to emerge in rural areas 1996 Return to civilian rule (under Ahmed Tejan Kabbah) 1997 Gov’t overthrown (by Armed Forces Revolutionary Council) AFRC invites RUF to join gov’t 1998 Return to civilian rule (after intervention of foreign troops) 1999 AFRC/RUF attack Freetown Peace agreement between RUF, civilian gov’t 2000 RUF continues fighting, foreign troops intervene 2002 War ends after substantial foreign intervention AREC 345: Global Poverty Lecture 14, Slide 6 Exposure to Conflict • Bellows & Miguel (2009) report results from a nationally representative survey of exposure to violence during the war Mean SD Were any members of your HH killed? 0.44 (0.50) Were any members of your HH injured or maimed? 0.35 (0.48) Were any members of your HH made refuges? 0.38 (0.49) HH conflict victimization index 0.39 (0.34) • Those associated w/ chiefs victimized most AREC 345: Global Poverty Lecture 14, Slide 7 Exposure to Conflict AREC 345: Global Poverty Lecture 14, Slide 8 Exposure to Conflict AREC 345: Global Poverty Lecture 14, Slide 9 Who’s Fighting Who?...
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This note was uploaded on 11/24/2011 for the course ECON 345 taught by Professor Jakiela during the Fall '11 term at Maryland.

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arec345lecture14handout[1] - AREC 345 Global Poverty and...

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