exam 2 studyguide

exam 2 studyguide - Exam 2 Study Guide Principles of...

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Week 6 Monday, February 18: Verification and Truth, Class notes, Elements, Chapter 2; Journalism, pp. 112-115; Chapter 17 What is a journalist’s primary mission? o To provide citizens with the information they need to be self-governing How do journalists get at the truth? o Eyewitnesses, interviewing others, reviewing documents, using instincts, asking questions o Fact-check, verify sources, Strip away misinformation, avoid self-promoting bias, let the community react, recognizing and discarding disinformation Know the difference between reporting and invention. o Reporters don't add, don't subtract, don't invent, don't deceive; invention is like fabrication; making up things and stuff What is journalisms first obligation? o The truth Know the difference between accuracy, truth, fairness and balance. o Accuracy is the foundation for context, basis, and interpretation & may be imperfect or partial at the start of a story o Truth: factual, in context, up-to-date info o Fairness: being fair to the audience, facts and to the people involved in the story Too abstract: fair to whom? How do we test fairness? o Balance: presenting both sides of the story equally, requires judgment Too subjective, presenting both sides equally of a story in which one side is clearly favored is inaccurate, i.e. global warming What are challenges to accuracy presented by new media such as blogs and talk shows? o Information on blogs is hard to verify. Most people who write blogs aren't professional journalists. You can't require them to have the same journalist integrity, or practice journalism in the same manner as professionals do. Talk shows tend to take one side of an issue and build their argument on it. They are more opinionated and less balanced than news broadcasts o Leave verification behind, inability to differ from credible and incredible sources o Information through opinion; requires no professional discipline or technique What are some problems with news aggregators? o They are machines that match the closest key words rather than relaying the most reliable sources: algorithm What things lead to inaccuracy in journalism? o Perceptions of events differ, people lie, incomplete documents, mistaken instincts, asking the wrong questions o Trying to be too creative with a story, making facts/quotes up, composites, rush to be first How has the 24-hour news cycle affected journalism? o
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exam 2 studyguide - Exam 2 Study Guide Principles of...

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