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Unformatted text preview: 2.1. COVECTORS AND RIEMANNIAN METRIC 29 4. If, in addition, v E , h v , v i and h v , v i = if and only if v = , then the inner product is called positive definite . For a positivedefinite inner product the norm of a vector v is defined by  v  = p h v , v i Let { e j } be a basis in E . Then the matrix g ij defined by g ij = h e i , e j i is a metric tensor , more precisely it gives the components of the metric tensor in that basis. The matrix g ij is symmetric and nondegenerate, that is, g ij = g ji , det g ij , . For a positive definite inner product, this matrix is positivedefinite, that is, it has only positive real eigenvalues. One says, that the metric has the signature ( + + ). In special relativity one considers metrics wich are not positive definite but have the signature ( + + ). Two vectors v , w E are orthogonal if h v , w i = ....
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 Spring '10
 Wong
 Geometry, Addition, Vectors

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