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Module 4 (Ethics)- Topic 6.pdf - UNIVERSITY OF THE...

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1 |P a g eUNIVERSITY OF THE CORDILLERASGovernor Pack Road, Baguio CityCollege of Arts and SciencesLanguage-Communication DepartmentSocial Science 101 (Ethics)Teacher: Jessie B. MartinezLearning Outcomes:Teaching-Learning Activity:Lesson ProperPhoto by Samantha Baluyot (2019)Introduction:What reminds you of the picture above? You might think how your parents havedisciplined you when you were young. Our parents or grandparents have been part of ourupbringing and they have been very influential in the development of values and evenlearning morality. However, as we grow up we get along with many people outside ourhomes. Then we go out to school, then to foreign countries where a certain rule or law mustbe obeyed that may shape too our moral. Disobedience or defiance to any law results tobeing punished or sanctioned. Thus, the values that we initially have may be improved orchanged. We may even acquire other values and broaden our understanding of morality.But again, we have different backgrounds with this matter.Ayra Moore(2017)mentioned that moral development is a process by which childrenlearn how to act toward others and behave in society. Like other forms of development,morality occurs in stages throughout childhood and adolescence, and is effected by factorsin your child’s environment.This can include influence by friends, teachers, family membersand cultural norms as mentioned in Journal of Research on Adolescence: MoralDevelopment in Adolescence:Family MembersTeachersPeers and FriendsMediaThe moral development of a person has been very interesting topic for psychology.To understand moral development, let us study the Theory on Moral Development byLawrence Kohlberg.ORIGINOF KOHLBERG’S THEORYKohlberg based his theory from the work of Jean Piaget and his theory of moraldevelopment. All his ideas started from the research he performed with very young childrenas his subjects. He found out that children are faced with different moral issues, and theirjudgments on whether they are to act positively or negatively over each dilemma areheavily influenced by several factors. In each scenario that Kohlberg related to the children,he was not really asking whether or not the person in the situation is morally right or wrong,but he wanted to find out the reasons why these children think that the character is morallyAt the end of the module, you are expected to:1. understand and explain the level and stages of moral development by Kohlberg;2. understand other theories and approaches on moral development;3. analyse moral dilemmas and come up with possible solutions to each dilemma.Topic 6: Moral Development (Lawrence Kohlbergs Theory)
2 |P a g eright or not. For example, is it ok to arrest someone from stealing bread, or sentence thepeople who committed crime defending themselves?

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Term
Spring
Professor
Yates
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Lawrence Kohlberg

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