Econometrics-I-4

# Econometrics-I-4 - Applied Econometrics William Greene...

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Applied Econometrics William Greene Department of Economics Stern School of Busines

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Applied Econometrics 4. Least Squares Algebra: Partial Regression and Correlation
Frisch-Waugh (1933) Theorem Context :  Model contains two sets of variables:         X   =  [ [1, time ] | [  other variables ]]             =  [ X 1    X 2 Regression model:         y   =   X 1 β 1   +  X 2 β 2  +  ε    (population)           =   X 1 b 1   +  X 2 b 2  +  e   (sample) Problem :  Algebraic expression for the second set  of least squares coefficients,  b 2

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Partitioned Solution computation was not trivial!) Direct manipulation of normal equations produces        , ] so and  ÷  + = + = = ( ) = 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 X X b X y X X X X X y X =[X X X X = X y = X X X X X y X X X X b X y (X X)b = = X X X X b X y X X b X X b X y X X b X X b X y ==> X X b X y- X X b = 2 1 1 X (y- X b )
Partitioned Solution Direct manipulation of normal equations produces       b 2   =  ( X 2 X 2 ) -1 X 2 ( y  -  X 1 b 1 )       What is this?   Regression of ( y  -  X 1 b 1 ) on  X 2 Important result (perhaps not fundamental).  Note the result  if  X 2 X 1  =  0 .         Useful in theory: Probably       Likely in practice?  Not at all.

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Partitioned Inverse     Use of the partitioned inverse result produces a  fundamental result: What is the southeast  element in the inverse of the moment matrix?  1 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 -1 X 'X X 'X X 'X X 'X
Partitioned Inverse      The algebraic result is:      [ ] -1 (2,2)   =  {[ X 2 X 2 ] -  X 2 X 1 ( X 1 X 1 )-1 X

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## This note was uploaded on 11/23/2011 for the course ECON B30.3351 taught by Professor Professorw.greene during the Spring '10 term at NYU.

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Econometrics-I-4 - Applied Econometrics William Greene...

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