elect1 - ELECTRICAL POWER ELECTRICAL Outline Outline Early...

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Unformatted text preview: ELECTRICAL POWER ELECTRICAL Outline Outline Early Sources Of Electrical Energy Mechanical Generators Of Electricity Dynamo-Electric Generators Gramme Armature & Successors Alternator Electric Lighting Power Stations Batteries Early Sources Of Electrical Energy Early Electro-Statics Frictional Machines Using Glass Cylinders Frictional Electro-Chemistry Chemical Effects Of An Electric Current Alessandro Volta Electro-Magnetics Allesandro Volta (1745-1827) Allesandro Voltaic Pile 1800 Electricity Electricity Generated In A Battery Battery Zinc (Z) Silver (A) Or Copper Flannel Or Paper Flannel Soaked In Brine Alkaline, Saline, Or Acid Current Trough Wire Electro-magnetics Electro-magnetics H. C. Oersted (1771-1851) Danish Scientist - 1820 Magnetic Needle Moved In Vicinity Of A Conductor Magnetic Carrying Electricity Carrying Magnetic Field Surrounding A Conductor Carrying Magnetic Electricity Electricity A. M. Ampere (1775-1836) Electro-Dynamic Interaction Of Electric Currents & Electro-Dynamic Magnets Magnets Commutator Electro-magnetics (continued) Electro-magnetics D. f. J. Arago (1786-1853) Produced First Electro-Magnet (1820) W. Sturgeon (1783-1850) First Practical Electro-Magnet (1825) Michael Faraday (1791-1867) “Convert Magnetism Into Electricity” Electro-Magnetic Induction (1831) Not Interested In Commercialism First Mechanical Generators Of Electricity Electricity Basic Principles Hippolyte Pixii Saxton Clarke Basic Principles Basic A Conductor Carrying Electricity Produces A Conductor Magnetic Field Surrounding It Magnetic If Conductor Is Coiled Around Iron Iron Temporarily Magnetizes If Iron Is Hardened By Hammering Iron Permanently Magnetizes Electric Generators Field System Simple Or Compound Magnets Coil System Generation Takes Place Relative Movement Between Systems Hippolyte Pixii Hippolyte First First Magneto-Electric Machine Machine 1832 Hand-Driven Only Working Model Field Magnet Revolves Field Relative To Coil Relative First Practical Application First Of Faraday’s Principle Of Magneto-Electric Machines Magneto-Electric Saxton (1833) Arrangement Of Components Was Reversed Coil Rotated Magnets Remained Fixed Pixii (1833) Added Commutator - Based On Ampere’s Work Converted Oscillating Current To Unidirectional Converted Current Current E. M. Clarke E. Owned Owned Company Making Scientific Instruments Scientific First Manufacturing On First Commercial Scale Commercial 1834 Coils Coils Rotated In Plane Parallel To Side Of Magnet Parallel Experimented With Types Experimented Of Windings Of Stoehrer Of Leipzig Stoehrer 1846 Three Three Horseshoe Shaped Magnets Shaped Six-Polar Armature Science Museum Of Science London London F. Nollet (1794-1853) F. First First To Contemplate Making A Power-Driven Magneto-Electric Machine Magneto-Electric Supply Relatively Large Supply Output Output Lighthouses Died Before Completion Frederick Frederick Hale Holmes Continued Work Continued Frederick Hale Holmes Frederick Tested On Small Scale Trinity House Wharf to Woolrich On Thames Components 36 U-Shaped Magnets In Pairs Of Six Poles Outward Stationary Coils & Commutator Size - 5’ Square & 2 tons Output Driven By Steam Engine At 600rpm 1.5 kw ...
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