flight2 - Voisin Brothers 1908 Voisin Box-Kite Biplane...

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Unformatted text preview: Voisin Brothers 1908 Voisin Box-Kite Biplane Separate Mainplane & Tailplane Louis Bleriot Louis Flew Flew English Channel Channel July 25, 1909 L 1,000 From English Newspaper English Monoplane Set Stage For 30 Set Years Years Radial Engine 1909 3 Cylinder Anzani Wooden Prop. Fundamental Ingredients Fundamental Fixed Wing Concept Cayley (1799) Cambered Wing Sections For Main Lifting Cayley (1799), Wenham (1851), Phillips (1884) High Aspect Ratio Wings Wenham (1866) Trussed Biplane Structure Hargrave (1893), Chanute (1896), Wrights (1903) Wire Braced Monoplane Structure Henson (1841), Lilienthal (1891), Bleriot (1907), Henson Esnault-Pelterie (1907) Esnault-Pelterie Fundamental Ingredients Fundamental Longitudinal Stability (Pitch) Tandem Horizontal Surfaces With Long. Dihedral Cayley (1799), Penaud (1871), Lilienthal (1891) Directional Stability (Yaw) Fixed Vertical Tail Surface Cayley (1799), Penaud (1871), Lilienthal (1891) Lateral Stability (Roll) Setting Mainplanes At Dihedral Angle Cayley (1799), Penaud (1871), Lilienthal (1891) Fundamental Ingredients Fundamental Longitudinal Control (Pitch) Rear Elevator Surfaces Cayley (1799), Hensen (1841), Lilienthal (1895) Front Elevator Surfaces Maxim (1894), Wrights (1901) Directional Control (Yaw) Rudder Surfaces Cayley (1799), Hensen (1841) Lateral Control (Roll) Wing Warping Wrights (1901) Ailerons Boulton (1868), Esnault-Pelterie (1904), Santos-Dumont (1906) Fundamental Ingredients Fundamental Streamline To Reduce Drag Cayley (1804) Practical Piloting Experience Gliding Lilienthal (1891), Wrights (1901) Powered Wrights (1903) Light & Powerful Engine Langley (1903), Wrights (1903) Airscrew For Propulsion Blanchard (1784), Cayley (1809) Undercarriage - Takeoff & Landing Military & Commercial Appls. Military World Records (1913) - Frenchmen Length - Seguin (634 miles) Height - Legagneaux (20,079 ft) Speed - Prevost (127 mph) Flying Boat - Benoist (1914) First Passenger Service Tampa To St. Petersburg (22 miles) Wright-Curtiss Co. Testing Twin-Engine For Transatlantic Sikorsky (1914) Four 100hp Mercedes Engines - 16 Passengers World War I World WW I - August 1914 200,000 Airplanes Built In Four Years By End Of War - 400hp Engines Multi-Engine Airplanes Germany & France Construction Materials Germany - Metal France & England - Wood Cantilever Wing - Above Fuselage Professor Hugo Junkers - Patent (1910) Classic WW I Biplane Classic Royal Aircraft Association B.E.2E (1916) Radial Engine Biplane Too Stable Too Slow Inter-War Years Inter-War Airplanes, Crew & Mechanics Available Commercial Aviation - Passenger Service Converted Wartime Bombers Armstrong Whitworth Argosy (1927) Biplane - Three 400 hp Jaguar Engine 100 mph, 3 hours, 3000 feet 20 Passengers Three Engine Preference - Safety One Engine Couldn’t Maintain Altitude London To Paris London First Passenger Service (1919) Converted Bomber - Handley Page O/7 Limited Ground Facilities Inter-War Years Inter-War Speed Records Were Pursued Schneider Trophy Contests American Curtiss R3C-2 (1925) - 232.6 mph Italian Macchi M.39 (1926) - 246.5 mph British Supermarine S.5 (1927) - 281.7 mph British British Supermarine S.6 (1929) - 328.6 mph British British Supermarine S.6B (1931) - 340.1 mph British Uncontested Contest Ended British Supermarine S.6 British Rolls-Royce Engine - 1900 hp Entire Surface Of Plane Used As Radiator Modern Airliner Modern Boeing 247 - 1933 All-Metal - Stresses Skin Principle Two Engines - Each Could Maintain Altitude Engine Cowlings - Cooling & Aerodynamic Retractable Undercarriage 155 mph Douglas DC-2 14 Passengers Douglas DC-3 (1936) 21 Passengers Modern Airliner Modern Douglas DC-3 (1936) “Greatest Plane Ever Built !!!!!!!!!” World War II World At Outbreak (1939) Front Line Fighters & Bombers Contilever Monoplanes Enclosed Cockpits Retractable Undercarriage Approx. 1000 hp Supercharged For Approx 20,000 feet Supermarine Spitfire Mark I (1939) Merlin Engine - 990 hp 353 mph At 20,000 feet World War II Supermarine Spitfire Mark 22 (1942) Rolls-Royce Griffon Engine - 2050 hp Five Bladed Airscrew Supercharged 457 mph At 25,000 feet Howard Hughes Howard Held Every Flight Record In World (1937) Tried To Sell H-1 To Goverment As Fighter P-51 Mustang & Corsair Nearly Identical To Japanese Zero Howard Hughes Howard D-2 - Test Flight 1943 D-2 Was Larger Twin Engine Fighter Government Adopted Lockheed P-38 Lightning Howard Hughes Howard D-5 Was Second Version Of D-2 Government Contract From Roosevelt (1943) - XF-11 Photo-Reconnaissance - War Ended World War II World Bombers - Slow Progress Vickers Wellington I (1939) Two 1000 hp Engines 4500 lbs At 195 mph At 10,000 feet Avro Lancaster 3 (1944) Four 1600 hp Engines 14,000 lbs At 225 mph At 20,000 feet De Havilland Mosquito Two 1700 hp Rolls-Royce Merlin Engines 5000 lbs At 310 mph B-17, B-27, etc. ...
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