rail2 - Increased Speed Increased Average Speed - 20 to 25...

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Unformatted text preview: Increased Speed Increased Average Speed - 20 to 25 mph (1835) Great Western Railway 35 to 40 mph, 7’ Gauge Large Wheels Stephenson - 7.8’ to 10’ Diameter Driving Wheel Larger Boilers 1829 Rocket - 6’ 1832 Bury - 8’ 1845 Long Boiler - 12’ North Star North Stephenson (1830s) Cylinder 16” Diameter, 16” Stroke 7’ Wheels 21 tons Heating Surface 711 sq. ft. Pulled 80 tons At 30.5 mph 45 tons At 38.5 mph Fifty Built (1840-1845) Built For Paris-Orleans Line, 1843 French Copy Of Stephenson’s French Taylor (1837) Built For Paris-SaintGermain Line Crampton Crampton Conceived By Thomas Crampton In England Built By Derosne & Cail In France (1849) Larger Driving Wheels Behind Boiler - Lower Boiler Cylinder (15” Diameter, 22” Stroke) Boiler Pressure (10 psi) 20 Years 20 25 hp Of Seguin To 400 hp Of Crampton Engerth Engerth Wilheim Engerth (1853) 3% Grade 10 Wheels Austria 3215’ Semmering Pass France France La Gauloise, Built By Cave La For The Paris-Versailles Line, 1840 Line, Built By Buddicom For The Paris-Rouen For Line, 1844 Line, Passenger Coaches Passenger 1830s - Adaptation of Stagecoaches 1840s - First Specially Designed Leaf Springs & Wood Frame 1850s Reinforced Metal Frame Comfort Was Addressed 1860s - Interior Lighting Oil Lamps, Oil Kerosene Lamps, Kerosene Compressed Gas Brakes Brakes Wooden Rails Offered Resistance Tightening Brakeshoes On Felly Or Band Only Locomotive (Mid 1840s) Selected Cars Had Brakepeople (1850s) Vacuum Brake More Weight & Speed All Cars Had Brakepeople Delay Time From Hand Signals George Westinghouse (1869) Compressed Air Brakes (Continued) Brakes Westinghouse On Locomotive, 1879 Before 1849 Westinghouse On Coaches, 1879 Signaling Signaling Manually (1837) Handheld Red flag Or Lantern With Red Lights Telegraph On London-Blackwell Line (1840) Red Discs To Show Track Status (1843) Vignier (1844) Push/Pull Interlocking System Signaling (Continued) Signaling Switch Control Lever With A Vignier Interlocking System Vignier Interlocking System Pneumatic Railroads Pneumatic Danish Engineer Medhurst (1810) Suggested Pneumatic System Around 1840 Pumping Stations Were Tried First Pneumatic Railroad (1844) Ireland, 1.75 miles 2’ 2’ Diameter Piston Moved Along Tube Sealed With a Leather Tongue With Pneumatic Railroads (Continued) Pneumatic English Atmospheric System Lead Wagon Of Lead English Atmospheric English System System Development of Railroads Development Cost Great Britain France United States Average Cost (1852) Average Per Kilometer In Francs Per Great Britain France Belgium Germany United States • • 570,000 390,000 270,000 201,000 96,500 Great Britain Great Liverpool-Manchester Line Year Passengers Tonnage 1831 356,956 159,450 1833 • 108,180 1832 • 445,047 386,492 194,704 France France Year 1828 264 1850 • 10 1840 • Miles 1788 France (1837) France France (1846) France France (1851) France France (1856) France United States United Year 1830 1840 1850 1860 Miles 23 2,818 9,000 30,600 ...
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