Contemporary Biological and Integrated Perspectives

Contemporary Biological and Integrated Perspectives -...

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Contemporary Biological and Integrated Perspectives by Diana Fishbein Q1 : Why is it important that criminological inquiry include the perspectives, findings, and methods of the behavioral sciences (e.g., behavioral genetics, psychophysiology, neuroscience, biochemistry, psychology, and developmental biology)? Q2 : In studying genetic and biological factors in the field of criminology, why should there be a concentration on various dimensions of “antisocial” behavior as opposed to “criminal” behavior? Q3 : Why are chronic patterns of antisocial behavior more strongly influenced by genetics and biology than single acts? Q4 : What is the Diathesis-Stress Model of behavior, and how does it apply to the study of antisocial behavior? Q5 : What are some examples of the interaction between biology and the environment in human behavior? Q6 : What is “Developmental Criminology” and how does it help us to understand how antisocial behaviors develop over time, are influenced by both biology and environment, and change in response to changing conditions? Q7 : How do antisocial behavior and drug abuse relate to one another and what are the common antecedents? Q8 : What are the measurable features (or phenotypes) that place an individual at risk for antisocial behavior and/or drug abuse? Q9 : What designs are used to estimate the influence of genetic factors relative to environmental factors in the study of antisocial behaviors? In general, what do these studies show? Q10 : What biological mechanisms are believed to be involved in the risk for antisocial and violent behavior (brain anatomy and function)? Q11 : What biological mechanisms (brain anatomy and function) are believed to be involved in the risk for drug abuse? Q12 : What is the role of stress in antisocial behavior? Q13 : What is psychopathy, how does it increase risk for antisocial behavior and drug abuse, and what biological and environmental mechanisms have been associated with it? Q14 : How do genetic and biological factors (i.e., nature) interact with environmental conditions (i.e., nurture) to increase or decrease risk for antisocial behavior? Q15 : What are the implications of this research for the criminal justice system and the offender? Q16 : What are the controversies surrounding this research? Additional Readings and References
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There are many competing and “integrated” theories within the field of criminology. It is important to distinguish the literature and findings discussed in this lecture, however, from the theories of any particular discipline. While these findings are an extension of certain models and perspectives proposed in the behavioral sciences, they should not be considered theories that are competitive with others in criminology. Instead, research that is described has been generated from a broad range of scientific inquiries and methodologies into the generators of human behavior that are highly relevant to the inquiries of criminologists. Findings from the behavioral sciences should, therefore, be
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Contemporary Biological and Integrated Perspectives -...

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