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Unformatted text preview: (Example in Hannaway) High …. More autonomy Low …. Less autonomy 0 …. Non-urban 1 …. Urban • Correlation does not tell any causal relationship. (Example) • Research question: “Does parent involvement increases their child’s achievement?” • Evidence: “There exists strong positive correlation between parent involvement at school and student’s achievement.” • Possible explanations: – Parent involvement causes increases in achievement. – Higher achievement increases parent involvement. – Some other third variable influences both parent involvement and student achievement (e.g., parents’ attitude toward the importance of education)....
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- Spring '07
- Causality, Correlation does not imply causation, Parent Involvement, achievement increases parent