MUH 2051/2512 (Bakan) lecture notes, Ch. 7 (Bali/Indonesia)
Students—Read and review the opening chapters and learn the following on your own:
Map locations (p. 87): Java and Bali (islands/Indonesian provinces); Jakarta,
Bandung, Yogyakarta, Surakarta (Javanese cities); Denpasar (Balinese city)
Timeline dates (p. 88—link to relevant materials in the chapter)
Basic background info on Bali and Indonesia
What is the capital of Indonesia? Of Bali?
How many islands in Republic of Indonesia? Inhabited?
Region of world and other countries there?
Population of Java, of Bali, of Indonesia
History of Republic of Indonesia (as independent nation, as Dutch colony,
pre-colonial history, religious strata)
Features of Agama Tirta (Balinese Hinduism)
Bali Aga (box, p. 92)
Caste and class in Bali (box, p. 100)
PART 1 (pp. 87-99)
Focus of this unit is
music, specifically certain gamelan traditions of
Bali. We will focus mainly on one type of Balinese gamelan, the gamelan
beleganjur, and also devote some attention to the Balinese gamelan gong kebyar,
as well as to Central Javanese court gamelan (gamelan kraton), which is identified
mainly with two Javanese cities: Yogyarkarta and Surakarta.
Link between interlocking as a
elements and the values
and practices of
interlocking--social, spiritual, and metaphysical--as key
I want to focus on the actual instruments and musical-cum-musicultural aspects,
so we’ll move quickly through background and context information,
students should read and review on their own.
: generic term for a diverse class of mainly percussion-dominated music
ensembles found on Bali, Java, and other Indonesian islands (related ensembles
elsewhere in SE Asia too).
small island in center of Indonesian archipelago
Republic of Indonesia
(R of I founded in 1945, consolidated
Indonesian nation occupies territories of former
collectively was the Dutch East Indies Company.
Efforts at national unification:
Bahasa Indonesia, “Unity in Diversity
(and its attendant cultural nationalism
Indonesia mainly Muslim (world’s largest Muslim nation) but Bali
. Hindu relig. and culture brought to Bali
from Java beginning 13
c. (though with roots in Indian antiquity);
gamelan music accompanies virtually all rituals and performances assoc.
w. religion. Hindu-Balinese