Elements_lecs_Chs1-6_musmaj - MUH 2051-2512(Bakan lectures...

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MUH 2051-2512 (Bakan) lectures, Summer 07 Lecture: Ch. 1 Opening discussion : John Cage: 4’33” : Music? Qur’anic recitation: Music? “Wrecking Everything” (Overkill): Music? Five Propositions for Exploring World Music: -Vastly different ideas about music; since no general agreement, where do we begin? 1) Basic property of all music is sound [key term: tone (top of p. 3)—a sound whose principal identity is a musical identity, as defined by people (though not necessarily all people) who make/experience that sound] 2) Sounds of music are organized 3) Organized by people; thus, humanly organized sound 4) Product of human and intention and perception (HIP approach, p. 4 near bottom) 5) Term music inescapably tied to Western music and its assumptions [key term: ethnocentrism —imposing one’s own culturally grounded perspecs, biases, and assumps on practices, lifeways different from one’s own. Goal: find balance between emic (insider) and etic (outsider) perspectives ] Examples: Beethoven Symphony #9 (“Ode to Joy”)—CD ex. 1-1 Japanese gagaku—CD ex. 1-2 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bC0YJ5M_WWE (Gagaku) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=- (Ceremonial dance accompanied by gagaku orchestra) Qur’anic recitation—CD ex. 1-3 http://www.youtube.com/watch? (Reciting of the Qur’an) Lecture: Ch. 2 How music lives=music as a phenomenon of culture; music in relation to cultural context(s). Especially important in global perspective. (More on “culture” momentarily.) Ethnomusicology (interdisciplinary: musicology and anthropology plus) Musicultural : music as sound, music as culture: mutually reinforcing and essentially inseparable
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Culture (Tylor—1871): “that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man [humankind] as a member of society.” Culture a complex and slippery, yet still useful, term in contemporary world (p. 10) Music: mode of cultural production, representation that reveals much about workings of culture (from resilience of tradition to capacities for innovation, adaptation, and transformation). Meaning in Music Music comes into existence at intersection of sound and culture. Meaning is the glue that binds them, and sounds don’t come to be perceived as music until meaning is attached to them. Tones—two types of meaning: 1) relative to one another (“Mary”); 2) cultural (e.g., “Mary” as funeral lament; CD ex. #1-4 [Beijing Opera] as “beautiful”; Warao shaman’s curing vs. inflicting songs) Identity in Music Identity : people’s ideas about who they are and what unites them with or distinguishes them from other people and entities (individs, families, communities, institutions, cultures, societies, nations, supernat. powers) Key questions: Who am I? Who are we? Who is s/he? Who are they? [ CD exs. #1-5
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Elements_lecs_Chs1-6_musmaj - MUH 2051-2512(Bakan lectures...

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