Irish_lectures_Ch9 - MUH 2051/2512(Bakan lecture notes Ch...

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MUH 2051/2512 (Bakan) lecture notes, Ch. 9 (Irish) Multidimensional basic terms: “Ireland”: actually Republic of Ireland AND U.K. province of Northern Ireland (our main focus will be Republic) (see chapter opener MAP) “Irish”: encompasses both people in Ireland itself, members and descendants of Irish diaspora (Irish-Americans, etc.), AND a complex mix of “Irish _______ players” and such who may not even be of Irish descent “Irish traditional music”—may be traditional or may be part of the complex of Irish music of tradition , but in a neo-traditional or post-traditional way; may be in Ireland or elsewhere (New York, Boston, Liverpool, London, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Cajun Louisiana, Appalachians) “pan-Irish”: encompassing of all of the above potentially “Celtic”: The “Irish” and “pan-Irish” are major subsets of this larger category (also Scotland, Wales, Brittany, etc.). (Note: Direct students to the I&P box on p. 164 and learn that material) Play Prelim Listening Experience (OMI #24) (Lynnsey, Altan, Eileen Ivers) Irish Music in Context (156-58) 1920: division of Ireland into Rep. of Ireland (Eire) and Northern Ireland (province of U.K.) in northeast. N. Ireland: long history of struggle, often violent, between Protestant majority, Catholic minority. Especially bad during 1970s-80s (“The Troubles”) Rep. of Ireland: 1949 (Irish Free State from 1921). Catholic majority; Gaeltacht [see map]; counties (26, e.g., Donegal, Sligo, Kerry, Clare, etc.); Irish Gaelic language (English the other official language) Irish potato famine: prefigured both Irish nationalism and Irish diaspora Irish Free State (1921-1949): o Eamon DeValera—well-intentioned policies led to economic devastation of inner cities (ref. Angela’s Ashes ) o Govt. initiatives at cultural preservation in face of modernization, urbanization. Poetry, song, inst. music—attempts to preserve. Radio Éireann (1926) played important role. Musicians/folklorists like Seamus Ennis played a major role (we’ll discuss him later). Irish music became major national symbol, but waned in popularity nonetheless. 1949: Independence—urbanization, industrialization, shift away from rural/agriculture as basis of economy led to prosperity AND fears of culture loss 1960s: Irish music revival (second “wave” in 1970s) Since that time: internationalization (diaspora, sessions, etc.), new innovations (mixing with rock, jazz, world musics, etc.) Intro to Irish Trad Music (158-59) o Five main categories: o sean nós (Gaelic) o instrumental airs
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o songs in English o Irish harp trad (photo of harp, p. 158) o Instrumental dance tunes and medleys domestic gathering : in old days, usually a solo instrumentalist or ad hoc group playing fiddle, pipes, or tinwhistle accompanying dancing ceílí: informal social gathering (usually at pub or dance hall) where instrumentalists play together in accompaniment of dancing
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Irish_lectures_Ch9 - MUH 2051/2512(Bakan lecture notes Ch...

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