Citizenship%2C+The+State+and+the+Location+of+Politics -...

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Unformatted text preview: Ci#zenship, The State and the Loca#on of Poli#cs Geography 103 September 26, 2011 Ci#zenship •  Equality and Belonging •  Different Types? –  Poli#cal –  Social –  Sexual •  Poli#cal Defini#on: The rights and du#es rela#ng to an individual’s membership in a poli#cal community (Dic#onary of Human Geography) Ci#zenship: Greek v. Roman •  Greek –  Ci#zenship as Par#cipa#on –  Reserved for white land owning males •  Separa#on for daily concerns •  Fully Human –  The agora •  The place of poli#cs •  Space where ci#zens would gather and where the marketplace was held Ci#zenship: Greek v. Roman •  Roman –  Ci#zenship as the aVainment of rights –  Passive –  Types of rights (T.H. Marshall) •  Civic •  Poli#cal •  Social Ci#zenship: Greek v. Roman •  Similari#es and differences? –  Typically thought of as opposites –  Where does poli#cs take place? Where are important decisions made in both tradi#ons? •  Separa#on between poli#cal and the everyday or the “private” Democracy •  What is it? –  Rule by the People (DOG) •  Who are the people? •  What does it mean to rule? •  Types –  Republican (Greek) –  Liberal (Roman) –  Delibera#ve Republican Democracy (Greek) •  Who are the People? –  Those who par#cipate in poli#cal processes –  Members of the “community” who hold similar ideals and goals •  What does it mean to rule? –  Ac#ve –  par#cipa#on in the governing process of the community –  Achieve the common good Liberal Democracy (Roman) •  Who are the people? –  Rights bearing subjects –  Legal Status •  What does it mean to rule? –  Ideal of the marketplace •  One makes a decision on compe#ng ideas an poli#cians –  Passive Delibera#ve Democracy •  Jürgen Habermas •  Who are the people? –  Ra#onal individuals •  What does it mean to rule? –  To partake in the procedure of delibera#on •  The procedure of delibera#on –  More important than individuals involved or outcomes –  Consensus is the outcome •  If procedure correctly followed then reason will allow the best decision to be made Where does democracy happen? •  Formal poli#cal spaces –  City Hall –  The vo#ng booth •  The public sphere (Habermas) –  Discussion in cafes –  Discussion over mass media •  Public space –  Parks, squares, the street corners –  e.g. Egypt The State •  What is the state? –  Centralized set of ins#tu#ons facilita#ng coercive power and governing capabili#es over a defined territory •  The ci#zen –  Ci#zenship status becomes the primary way to have a rela#onship with the state (rights or par#cipa#on) The Welfare State and the Economy •  The state assumes the primary responsibility for its ci#zens welfare (DOG) •  Associated with the economic model of John Maynard Keynes –  The ci#zens and workers drive the na#onal economy through their demand for goods •  Brings together the rela#onship between the state, ci#zen and the economy Economic Change and the State •  From stable to “flexible” economies –  Life long jobs replaced with temporary work •  Effects on the Ci#zen and the State –  The ci#zen no longer driving economy •  Their welfare less important –  State less focused on providing for ci#zen’s welfare •  Rise of the Shadow State –  Non ­profit sector providing for community welfare ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/22/2011 for the course GEOGRAPHY 103 taught by Professor Andrucki during the Fall '11 term at Rutgers.

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