music history 1- churches

music history 1- churches - Kristin McGuire Music History...

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Kristin McGuire Music History Churches: Art History 1) Saint Francis Xavier College Church The architectural style of Saint Francis Xavier College Church is Gothic. This is apparent because of the arches, stained glass, as well as other Gothic features. Gothic architecture (dates mid 12th century-16th century in some parts of northern Europe) developed from the experiments in vaulting of Romanesque churches. Arches become pointed in shape and are used in pointed, ribbed vaults. The pointed arch and ribbed vault (stone ribs along the lines where the sections of vault intersect) are structurally more stable and allowed Gothic churches to be built even taller than Romanesque churches). The third essential structural component of Gothic churches is the flying buttress (a bridge of masonry/stone construction that abuts the outside wall of nave, spans over the lower side aisles, and attaches to sturdy vertical buttresses outside the church. Flying buttresses helped distribute much of weight of vaults to outside, allowing the walls of churches to be opened up to tall nave arcade; a smaller shallow arched opening on second level called a triforium; and huge clerestory windows filled with stained glass that let a soft, colored light filter into church creating a spiritual effect (light was
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2011 for the course MUSC 120 taught by Professor Mattdaniels during the Fall '09 term at MO St. Louis.

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music history 1- churches - Kristin McGuire Music History...

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