The Federal Court System 18 1

The Federal Court System 18 1 - Plaintiff: Defendant:...

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The National and State Judiciary
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Plaintiff: someone who brings a legal complaint Defendant: someone who is accused of wrong doing Burden of proof: what must be shown for the court  to reach a decision Jurisdiction: the kinds of cases a court will consider
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Criminal law involves acts against the security and  peace of the community – the government is always  the plaintiff – Burden of Proof: Beyond a  Reasonable Doubt -- penalty is fines, jail, death Three flavors: Felony. Misdemeanor, Violation Civil law involves acts against individuals or their  property – people and/or the government can be  either defendants or plaintiffs -- Burden of Proof:  Preponderance of the evidnce – penalty is $$ Two flavors: Tort – injury, Contract – disagreement over  agreement
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Trial courts – determine questions of fact (who did  what) and questions of law (how to apply the law in 
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2011 for the course HISTORY 103 taught by Professor Livingston during the Fall '08 term at Rutgers.

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The Federal Court System 18 1 - Plaintiff: Defendant:...

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