Unions_and_strikes

Unions_and_strikes - A presentation by Gerrit Koepping...

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A presentation by Gerrit Koepping
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Employees and employers negotiate salaries and benefits individually This sometimes meant that employers could play employees against each other (Oh, you want $10 an hour? Well, John will work for $9 an hour) Would also employ women or children to drive down labor costs Wages, hours, days off, job security, pensions, benefits were all less secure Labor costs/prices were lower
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Workers join together to collectively negotiate their wages, hours, benefits, working conditions, etc. . . Once a union is established then a company’s employees must join the union to work for the company Employees pay the union monthly dues
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STRIKE!!! Workers stop working for the company and try to stop the company from producing its goods
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Hard to do if workers have specific skills Picket lines – factory entrances are blocked by striking workers Publicity to try to pressure a company to concede to union demands Violence – sometimes unions would attack replacement workers (“scabs”) Sometimes companies would hire their own thugs to attack strikers – sometimes the government would help
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Labor in the 1800s Post Civil-War Industrialization meant the skilled labor could be replaced with unskilled labor The Knights of St Crispin was the first nationwide
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Unions_and_strikes - A presentation by Gerrit Koepping...

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