South Asia0

South Asia0 - Learning Objectives Geography of Global...

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11/16/2011 1 Geography of Global Village South Asia GEOG 202-509 Think about the how geopolitics/political factors have influenced the population, culture and socio-eco development Learning Objectives Understand the unique climatological challenges of this region Learn about the challenges of large and growing population Understand the geopolitical issues arising in the region Understand the following concepts and models: – Monsoon – Green Revolution – Caste system – Hindu Nationalism – Mughal Empire – Orographic rainfall – Subcontinent – Indian diaspora – Bustee Introduction Setting the boundaries The “subcontinent,” a distinct landmass of Asia south of the Himalayan Mountains Extensive cultural and religious diversity in the region Second most populous region and growing South Asia was a British colony for several centuries; independent since 1947 India and Pakistan have geopolitical conflicts; both countries have nuclear weapons South Asia: Environment • N: Mountains – Himalayan Range – Karakoram Range – Seismic activity – Several peaks exceed 7,600 m – Population centers • Valley of Kashmir • Kathmandu Valley South Asia: Environment • Lowlands – Indus • Flows through arid and semi-arid Pakistan • Source of irrigation water • Early civilization – Ganges • Densely settled plain - Alluvial Plains • Sacred to Hindus • Flooding in delta – Brahmaputra • NW India to Bangladesh • Very densely settled
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11/16/2011 2 South Asia: Environment • Peninsular India – Deccan Plateau • Some fertile black soils • Bordered by coastal plains in west and east – fertile lands West coast – Western Ghats – high in elevation (5000ft) East coast – Eastern Ghats – broken/discontinuous and lower Well-drained – Rivers - Flow W to E • Dam construction: displacement of people (ie Narmada) South Asia: Environment • Southern Islands – Sri Lanka • Coastal plain and mountainous interior • Humid SW • Drier NE – Maldives • Coral atoll • Threat from sea-level rise South Asia: Climate Orographic rainfall - rainfall caused due to a barrier •Rain-shadow effect – windward and leeward sides •Western Ghats and Himalayas act as barrier •Cherrapunji – world’s wettest place (463.7 inches) and Mawsynram (state of Meghalaya in India) South Asia: Climate Monsoon “Mausim” – Arabic word – means season Seasonal change in wind direction Determines wet and dry seasons Summer monsoon Warm, humid wind from Indian Ocean to land Winter monsoon (Retreating monsoon) Cold, dry winds flow from Central Asia to Indian Ocean Importance to Agriculture and economic activities South Asia: Environmental Issues Forests and Deforestation Causes: agricultural, urban, and industrial expansion Fuel wood shortage leads to use of manure for heating, rather than for fertilizer Natural Hazards in Bangladesh Ganges and Brahmaputra river deltas
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2011 for the course GOEG 202 taught by Professor Goel during the Fall '11 term at Texas A&M.

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South Asia0 - Learning Objectives Geography of Global...

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