SE Asia1 - Learning Objectives Geography of Global Village...

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11/21/2011 1 Geography of Global Village South East Asia GEOG 202-509 Learning Objectives Understand the environmental issues of Southeast Asia Learn about export-based economies, and how they fit into the global economy Understand the following concepts and models: – Crony capitalism – Domino theory – Entrepôt – Khmer Rouge – Lingua franca – Swidden – Typhoons and tsunamis – Transmigration Setting the Boundaries • 11 countries • Mainland and Insular (islands) – Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam – Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Brunei, East Timor • Malaysia (Malay Peninsula; Kalimantan) • Singapore: City-State (Malay Peninsula) • Indonesia – 4th largest country (231m); most populous Muslim country; 13,000 islands SE Asia: Environment Mainland Environments Rugged uplands, broad lowlands, large rivers Mountains: Thai-Burma border, Laos, S Vietnam Rivers: agriculture, population centers Mekong: Cambodia, S Vietnam Irrawaddy: Burma Red: N Vietnam Chao Phraya: Thailand Khorat Plateau (Thailand): poor soils, water shortages SE Asia: Environment Mainland Environments Monsoon: seasonal shift in wind Hot and rainy season: May to October Dry and hot conditions: November to April
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11/21/2011 2 SE Asia: Environment Insular Environments: Islands Indonesia: +13,000 islands; Sumatra, Borneo, Java, Sulawesi Philippines: +7,000 islands: Luzon, Mindanao Island Climates Very little seasonality because of the equatorial influence (temperatures are high year-round) Typhoons: tropical hurricanes that bring heavy rainfall to the northern reaches of insular Asia Rainfall is higher and more evenly distributed compared to the mainland SE Asia: Environment The Tragedy of the Karen Karen: 7M tribal; mountainous Burma-Thailand border Rebelled against the Burmese government to gain independence Burmese army gained control of the teak forests, allowed access to Thai loggers SE Asia: Environment Deforestation NOT causes : agriculture, population growth Cause : export-oriented logging companies; importing countries – Japan, Europe, China, US Bans on the export of raw logs Smoke and Air pollution Sources: urban populations: industries, vehicles Also: smoke from clearing forests Thailand: >50% of forests logged, 1960-80; replaced by Eucalyptus forests Impact on Climate Change • Potential Impacts – Vulnerable to sea level rise – Intensification of monsoon pattern • More destructive flooding • More rain to drier areas in Burma (central
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2011 for the course GOEG 202 taught by Professor Goel during the Fall '11 term at Texas A&M.

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SE Asia1 - Learning Objectives Geography of Global Village...

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