Russian_domain - Learning Objectives Geography of Global...

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10/19/2011 1 Geography of Global Village Russian Domain GEOG 202-509 Learning Objectives Learn about the Cold War between the United States and Soviet Union/Russia (1945–1990) Understand the economic system of erstwhile USSR and its impact on the population patterns Understand these concepts and models: – Centralized economic planning – Cold War – Permafrost – Autonomous areas – Communism – Soviet vs Post-Soviet economy – Russification – Denuclearization – CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States Overview • Russia: – 145 mi population (Slavic peoples) – 11 time zones – 75% of former USSR size • Other countries – Ukraine (50 mi); Belarus (10 mi); Moldova (4 mil) – Transcaucasian region • Armenia • Georgia Introduction Setting the boundaries Map redrawn in 1991 Now includes Russia, Ukraine, Belarus as the core; also Georgia, Armenia, Moldova (which had been part of the Soviet Union) Russia is the largest country (in land area) on Earth; it spans 11 time zones Rich in resources, but has among the world’s harshest climates The Russian domain has had extremely rapid political and economic change since 1990 From centrally planned economy to capitalism From authoritarian dictatorship to democracy Current economy is weak, commitment to democracy is uncertain, and nationalist movements threaten stability Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Azerbaijan – NOW part of Central Asia Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania – part of Europe (Baltic States) Environment West ; Urals-Siberia; Far East; Caucasus The European West – Continuation of European Lowlands – Rivers: flow to Caspian, Baltic, Black Seas Dnieper, Don, N. Dvina, West, Volga – Continental climate: cold winters – Major cities: St. Petersburg; Moscow; Kiev – Limits to agriculture: soil; climate • N of 50 deg N: Podzols; Taiga • S of 50 deg N: chernozem “black earth” soils; steppe (grassland)
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10/19/2011 2 Environment West; Urals-Siberia ; Far East; Caucasus Ural Mountains; Siberia – Urals : separate European Russia from Siberia – E of Urals: Siberia • Rich in mineral resources • Rivers flow to Artic: Ob, Yenisey, Lena • Lake Baikal (world’s largest freshwater lake) • Severe winters : low mountains with cold, dry climates • Permafrost: seasonally frozen ground • Taiga: coniferous forest • Tundra: extreme cold; mosses, lichens Environment West; Urals-Siberia; Far East ; Caucasus The Russian Far East – Near Pacific Ocean – Agriculture possible: near Amur River and Ussuri – Kamchatka Peninsula – Vladivostock: Pacific port The Caucasus and Transcaucasia – Extreme south – between Caspian and Black Seas – Caucus Mountains; Russia’s southern boundary – Semi-arid (east) + Wet (west) climate – small areas of fertile agriculture Environmental issues – Soviet industrial policy • Coal reliance air pollution • Industrial concentration
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2011 for the course GOEG 202 taught by Professor Goel during the Fall '11 term at Texas A&M.

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Russian_domain - Learning Objectives Geography of Global...

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