East_Asia - Learning Objectives Learn about worlds most...

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11/9/2011 1 Learning Objectives Learn about world’s most heavily populated region Understand the environmental issues and economic differences in East Asia Culturally united Understand the following concepts and models: – Anthropogenic landscape – Confucianism – Geomancy – Ideographic writing – Marxism – Loess – Pollution exporting – Special Economic Zones Introduction Setting the boundaries China, Japan, North and South Korea, and Taiwan East Asia is world’s most populous region; China (1.6 billion) East Asia has experienced colonization and both internal and international conflict East Asia is a core area of the world economy and an emerging center of political power Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan are among the world’s key trading states East Asia: Physical Environment • Rivers – Yangtze, Huang He, Grand Canal • Plains – Sichuan Basin, North China Plain, Manchurian Lowland • Mountainous regions – Southern China, Japan, Korean Peninsula East Asia: Environment Japan ’s Physical Environment Extremes: subtropical S, subarctic N 85% is mountainous b heavily forested Limited alluvial plains used for intensive agriculture Seismically active – earthquakes At convergence of three tectonic plates Alluvial (rivers) plains: intensive agriculture; Kanto (Tokyo), Nobi (Nagoya), Kansai (Osaka) Alluvial (rivers) plains: intensive agriculture -Kanto (Tokyo) -Nobi (Nagoya) -Kansai (Osaka)
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11/9/2011 2 Seismic Activity – Pacific Ring of Fire Zone of frequent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions 90% of the world’s earthquakes East Asia: Environment China (PRC) Yangtze: N-S divide N China Colder, drier Huang He River • North China Plain • Loess Plateau (desertification) Manchuria • Flat plain • Severe winters S China Mountainous (interior); lowland basins – heavily settled lowlands – Yangtze River – Xi River Warmer, wetter N China S China Loess Plateau N China Plain Manchuria East Asia: Environment Taiwan (ROC) Small island: mountainous Extensive forests Korean Peninsula Cold N, mild S winters S: agricultural advantage; alluvial basins; well- developed industries (Hi-Tech) N: mountainous; rich mineral resource base East Asia: Environmental Issues Three Gorges Dam – Yangtze River – source?? – Largest hydroelectric dam in world (2009) – Purpose: control flooding, generate electricity – Costs • Approx $39 bi • Human cost: 1.2-1.9 mi displaced • Environmental cost: flooding; endangered species – Benefits • Hydroelectric power partially substitute coal (improved air quality; less acid rain) • Reduced flooding of Yangtze River (flood control) East Asia: Environmental Issues Huang He (Yellow) River: “river of sorrow” – High sediment load (suspended sand, silt, clay in water): muddy appearance – North China Plain: population >300 mi – Dikes, levees aim to control course
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East_Asia - Learning Objectives Learn about worlds most...

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