Chap 70 - Learning Objectives Geography of Global Village North Africa and SW Asia GEOG 202-509 Role of Islam in shaping the history and current

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
10/10/2011 1 Geography of Global Village North Africa and SW Asia GEOG 202-509 Learning Objectives Role of Islam in shaping the history and current political situation in this region Arab- Palestine conflict Role of oil and water in shaping this region Water is a scarce resource in dry world Remember: people live where there is access to water Fertile crescent Monotheism OPEC Theocratic state Hydropolitics Islamic fundamentalism Islamism Levant Maghreb Physical Extent SW Asia is more mountainous than N Africa North Africa : Maghreb (“Western Island”): Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia; Atlas Mountains Southwest Asia Levant : eastern Mediterranean; mountains and highlands Anatolian and Iranian plateau: Turkey (“Asia Minor”); Iran Mesopotamia: Iraq; between Tigris and Euphrates Arabian Peninsula Environment Plateaus : Arabian, Iranian and Anatolian (SW Asia) Lowlands – Coastal Mediterranean – Tigris and Euphrates Rivers – Jordan River – Nile River Environmental issues Salinization – build up of salts in soil – Irrigation in arid environments causes toxic salts to accumulate in soil – Irrigation water: small amounts of salts – Evaporation of water, but salts remain in soil Reduces soil fertility and affects crop production
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
10/10/2011 2 Water management – Aswan High Dam • Completed 1970, South of Cairo on Nile River • Benefits – Flood protection – More irrigation – More electricity • Consequences – Loss of sediment – Increased disease – Nile Delta fisheries Water management Hydropolitics - disputed use of limited water • Blue Nile – Sudan vs Egypt • Jordan River – Israel fears pollution from Syria and Palestinians – Jordan wants more water from Syria • Tigris and Euphrates – Turkey upstream – Iraq and Syria downstream Fossil water : exploitation of aquifers Population and Settlement Distribution >400 million…contrast between dense and sparse Population clusters: Maghreb: moister areas of Atlas Mountains and coastal regions Egypt’s Nile River Valley: most of 75M near Nile Countries with ~70M: Egypt; Iran; Turkey Countries with ~30M: Iraq; Algeria; Morocco Dry areas are sparsely settled; moist lands may be overpopulated Access to water Rural Settlements Domestication : Plants and animals selectively bred for desirable characteristics; 10,000 yrs ago; wheat, barley Fertile Crescent: ecologically diverse; Levant through northern Syria, Iraq – Irrigated agriculture, centralized states Rise of states, 5-6,000 yrs ago; irrigation Pastoral nomadism: Seasonal movement of livestock from winter to summer pastures Approx 10 mi ; Lifestyle in decline Water
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 11/27/2011 for the course GOEG 202 taught by Professor Goel during the Fall '11 term at Texas A&M.

Page1 / 6

Chap 70 - Learning Objectives Geography of Global Village North Africa and SW Asia GEOG 202-509 Role of Islam in shaping the history and current

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online