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chap 5 - Learning Objectives Compare and contrast two...

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9/16/2011 1 Geography of the Global Village The Caribbean GEOG 202-509 Learning Objectives • Compare and contrast two seemingly similar regions (Latin America and Caribbean) Learn about Caribbean’s role in global politics and economy • Understand the following concepts and models –Plantation agriculture, “Plantation America” –“Brain drain” –Hurricanes –Maroons –Free trade zones –Creolization –Isolation Proximity –African/Caribbean diaspora Environment: Paradise Undone Isolated proximity: a concept used to explain Caribbean’s unusual and contradictory position in world Isolation sustains cultural diversity (but limits economic opportunity) Proximity to North America ensures transnational connection and economic dependence Introduction • Setting the boundaries – Islands and “rimland” (coastal Belize and the Guianas) – Cultural diversity greater than Latin America • Caribbean includes 26 countries and dependent territories, located in Caribbean Sea • Europeans, then the United States, influenced the region • Plantation agriculture is important • High population densities, environmental problems • Economy based on tourism, offshore banking, manufacturing, exports (e.g., flowers) – Disparities in wealth in the region The Caribbean • The sea, islands, and rimland –Caribbean Sea links countries • Greater Antilles –Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic), and Puerto Rico • Lesser Antilles –Double arc of small islands from Virgin Islands to Trinidad • RimlandStates –Belize and Guianason the SA coast
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9/16/2011 2 Environment Islands • Colonial deforestation –sugar plantations –provide fuel - lumber for housing, fences and ships • Considered unproductive lands • Larger islands –land cleared for sugar plantations • Smaller islands-soil conservation practices • Haiti’s forests almost gone; 30% left in Jamaica and Dominican Republic(each); Puerto Rico 25%; Cuba 20% Rimland • Stable and less threatened • Establishment of protected areas • Increased public awareness Climate Warm all year, with abundant rainfall + Hurricanes The Caribbean and Climate Change • Caribbean not a major contributor but will face a brunt of the change • Rising sea level –3 to 10 feet in this century –Bahamas most vulnerable: could lose 30 percent of its land –Belize, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname also affected –25 to 30 percent of people could be displaced • Effects –Sea level rise –Increased intensity of storms –Varied rainfall (floods, droughts) –loss of biodiversity (reefs and forests) –Population displacement
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