chap 5 - 9/16/2011 Learning Objectives Compare and contrast...

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9/16/2011 1 Geography of the Global Village The Caribbean GEOG 202-509 Learning Objectives • Compare and contrast two seemingly similar regions (Latin America and Caribbean) Learn about Caribbean’s role in global politics and economy • Understand the following concepts and models – Plantation agriculture, “Plantation America” – “Brain drain” – Hurricanes – Maroons – Free trade zones – Creolization – Isolation Proximity – African/Caribbean diaspora Environment: Paradise Undone Isolated proximity: a concept used to explain Caribbean’s unusual and contradictory position in world Isolation sustains cultural diversity (but limits economic opportunity) Proximity to North America ensures transnational connection and economic dependence Introduction • Setting the boundaries – Islands and “rimland” (coastal Belize and the Guianas) – Cultural diversity greater than Latin America • Caribbean includes 26 countries and dependent territories, located in Caribbean Sea • Europeans, then the United States, influenced the region • Plantation agriculture is important • High population densities, environmental problems • Economy based on tourism, offshore banking, manufacturing, exports (e.g., flowers) – Disparities in wealth in the region The Caribbean • The sea, islands, and rimland – Caribbean Sea links countries • Greater Antilles –Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic), and Puerto Rico • Lesser Antilles – Double arc of small islands from Virgin Islands to Trinidad • Rimland States –Belize and Guianas on the SA coast
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9/16/2011 2 Environment Islands • Colonial deforestation – sugar plantations – provide fuel - lumber for housing, fences and ships • Considered unproductive lands • Larger islands – land cleared for sugar plantations • Smaller islands- soil conservation practices • Haiti’s forests almost gone; 30% left in Jamaica and Dominican Republic (each); Puerto Rico 25%; Cuba 20% Rimland • Stable and less threatened • Establishment of protected areas • Increased public awareness Climate Warm all year, with abundant rainfall + Hurricanes The Caribbean and Climate Change • Caribbean not a major contributor but will face a brunt of the change • Rising sea level – 3 to 10 feet in this century – Bahamas most vulnerable: could lose 30 percent of its land – Belize, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname also affected – 25 to 30 percent of people could be displaced • Effects – Sea level rise – Increased intensity of storms – Varied rainfall (floods, droughts) – loss of biodiversity (reefs and forests) – Population displacement
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2011 for the course GOEG 202 taught by Professor Goel during the Fall '11 term at Texas A&M.

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chap 5 - 9/16/2011 Learning Objectives Compare and contrast...

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