0510se05decision - Sustainable Development Issues and...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–10. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Sustainable Development Issues and Decision-Making Techniques E.M. Drake, May 10, 2005 Recap of Sustainability Concerns Dilemmas of Sustainability Challenges of Making Decisions
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
-------------------------------- Global Population Density Distribution World Population 1650 550 million 1750 725 million 1850 1.2 billion 1900 1.6 billion 1950 2.6 billion 1980 4.5 billion 2000 6.1 billion Map shows world Population density. Map removed for copyright reasons. Range yellow to dark red <1 person/Km 2 1-10 10-25 25-50 50-100 From Natl. Geographic Atlas of the World, 6 th Ed., Washington DC, 1990. >100
Background image of page 2
1999 Per Capita Average Energy Use for Selected Countries Tons of Oil Equivalent (TOE) per person per year 8 4 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 / r / 7.3 5.5 4.2 3.7 1.2 0.6 0.3 0.14 0.08 TOE person-yea Global average use = 1.4 TOE person-year USA Canada Norway Russia Japan U.K. Mexico China India Africa Bangladesh Data sources: BP World Energy Statistics 1999 and New York Times World Almanac 2000 (population data).
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
i i 0 2 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 2060 2100 ( i ) l l I OECD now [US = 6+!] Economies in Transition now Richer LDCs now Poorer LDCs now Global Commons Problem! From Prof. Jacoby lecture 2/20/03 Global Per-Capita Carbon Emiss ons Needed to Meet a 550 ppmv Concentrat on Target 0.4 0.8 1.2 1.6 2.4 2.8 3.2 3.6 2070 2080 2090 E m is s ion Inte ns ity m e tr c tons C a rbon/c a pita EPPA G oba Reference PCC 550 ppm Target
Background image of page 4
Dilemmas of Sustainability: Trade-offs and Balances
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The Three Dimensions of Sustainabilty Ecology/ Economy Equity/ Social Development Trade-Offs & Synergies Environment Finance/ Derived from World Bank (1996)
Background image of page 6
Social “Sustainability” Production is key “lubricant” to development and to support of basic social systems Products, income, services, communications, mobility, etc. Standard of living influences community values, options, and choices Inequity and intolerance damage social systems Production and its infrastructures produce disparate benefits and negative impacts across different groups Accidents, health problems, congestion, noise, ecosystem disruption, pollution, wars, addiction, crime, etc.
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Economic/Financial Sustainability Industrialization and public/private infrastructure investment is essential to industrial development and general economic well- being Taxation and charges of various types are used (or mis-used) to finance governments and common needs Financing for infrastructure and necessary institutions competes with other public needs Mobility has facilitated globalization and increased international trade of goods and services Economic growth is tied to impacts of energy growth Globalization and communication have impelled poorer countries to seek rapid industrialization Do all humans have a right to basic services? Who pays?
Background image of page 8
Environmental/Ecological Sustainability Rapid population growth, urbanization, and industrialization require resources and land When population density is high, the environment may be
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 10
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 11/27/2011 for the course CHEMICAL E 10.302 taught by Professor Clarkcolton during the Fall '04 term at MIT.

Page1 / 35

0510se05decision - Sustainable Development Issues and...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 10. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online