intro - FUNDAMENTALS OF ADVANCED ENERGY CONVERSION 2.996...

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Unformatted text preview: FUNDAMENTALS OF ADVANCED ENERGY CONVERSION 2.996 & 2.994, Spring 04 A Ghoniem (IC), M Kazimi, Y Shao-Horn, J Tester WHY ? CO2, Terawatts, Needs and Sources, WHAT ? Few Examples: IGCC, fuel reforming and synthesis Fuel Cells, “fueling the fuel cell”, FC3 Hydrogen Economy : generation and storage Photoelectricity HOW ? S o l a r , w Source: Internatinal Energy Agency 30 35 40 45 50 0.5% 2003 The ENERGY REVOLUTION (The Terawatt Challenge) 14 Terawatts (4 TW in US) The Terawatt Challenge R. Smalley* Rice University 25 20 15 10 5 0 1. ENERGY 2. WATER 3. FOOD c n s s m a a l r i e r o G a s O i l t i s s i o a C c e m h o t o e l o F g e B i 4. ENVIRONMENT 50 5. POVERTY 45 6. TERRORISM & WAR 40 35 7. DISEASE 30 8. EDUCATION 25 9. DEMOCRACY 20 15 10. POPULATION 10 5 0 d r d , H y n i 2050 30 -- 60 Terawatts Carbon free sources to stabilize CO2 m a o n i c a s r a l s s O i l c t C o G s i m a h e r i s *Noble prize, Chemistry, 1996 e o F e l o t B i o o n / n d , g e y d r s i H u F w i a r , urce: International Energy Agency------ Energy Sources and Demand TW 50 40 30 20 10 0 Should be CO2 free CO2 free To limit CO2 to 450 2000 2020 2040 2060 2080 2100 YEAR Source: M.I. Hoffert et. al., Nature , 1998 , 395 , 881, Wigley, Richels and Edmonds, ppmv of CO2, pre-industrial concentration is 350 ppmv CO2 emissions and Global Temperature!...
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2011 for the course CHEMICAL E 10.302 taught by Professor Clarkcolton during the Fall '04 term at MIT.

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intro - FUNDAMENTALS OF ADVANCED ENERGY CONVERSION 2.996...

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