psych 10-23 Motivation

psych 10-23 Motivation - Motivation: A need or desire that...

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Motivation: A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior. “To change or to move.” Why do humans do things? Why do we behave at all? What motivates us to be active? Functions of Motivational Concepts: To account for behavioral variability To relate biology to behavior To infer private states form public acts To assign responsibility for actions To explain perseverance despite adversity Instinct: Complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned. Human’s don’t seem to have many instincts Those we do have, don’t explain much of human behavior Freudian Instincts: Different from biological instincts Source, Aim Impetus, object Discussion of Freudian Theory: All behavior biologically related Source, Aim, Impetus don’t change Only Objects change over lifetime Objects change by experience All new behavior is old behavior transformed by experience Drive-Reduction Theory: A physiological need creates an aroused tension state (a drive) that motivates an organism to satisfy the need. Need (e.g. for food water) Drive (hunger, thirst) Drive-Reducing Behaviors
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2008 for the course PSY 101 taught by Professor Jackson during the Winter '08 term at Michigan State University.

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psych 10-23 Motivation - Motivation: A need or desire that...

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