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Unformatted text preview: I. Equivalent Circuit Models Lecture 1: Basic Physics of Galvanic Cells MIT Student (and MZB) In this lecture, we give an overview of electrochemical cell operations, and define basic terminologies frequently used in a discussion of electrochemical cell operations. 1. Electrochemical Cells and Their Operations Faradaic Reaction : An electrochemical reaction that involves charge transfer Electrochemical Cell : Two half reactions involving charge transfer, connected via an electrolyte (conducting ions) and an external circuit (conducting electrons) Figure 1. Galvanic Operation of an Electrochemical Cell In a galvanic cell , electrons and ions flow spontaneously, converting chemical energy into electrical energy (and heat). As shown in Figure 1, in galvanic cell operation, an oxidation reaction occurs at anode, producing electrons. On the other hand, at cathode, a reduction reaction occurs, consuming electrons on the electrode surface. Since the electrons are not able to move through the electrolyte, they flow via external circuits from anode to cathode, making a current in a direction from cathode to anode. In electrolyte phase, oxidized species migrates from anode to cathode, and reduced species migrates from cathode to anode in net amount, respectively. In Lecture 1: Basic physics of Galvanic cells 10.626 (2011) Bazant an electrolytic cell , charges flow in the opposite direction, driven by an external voltage which inputs electrical energy to be stored as chemical energy. The sign convention of current is defined to have a positive sign for galvanic cells. Therefore, in an electrolytic cell operation, a defined to have a positive sign for galvanic cells....
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2011 for the course CHEMICAL E 20.410j taught by Professor Rogerd.kamm during the Spring '03 term at MIT.
- Spring '03