psn_2 - 12.806 / 10.571 Atmospheric Physics and Chemistry...

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12.806 / 10.571 Atmospheric Physics and Chemistry (Distributed April 4, 2006 and due April 11, 2006) Problem 1 Say you are downwind from a large SO 2 “source region” in which the SO 2 concentration [SO 2 ] (0) is 3 x 10 11 molecule cm –3 in the lowest h kilometers and zero above that. There are no additional sources between you and this source region and the wind vector is horizontal (x direction) and constant in time. Assume that SO 2 is removed by reaction with OH in the gas phase to produce H 2 SO 4 . Derive a formula for P (= the rate of production per unit area of H 2 SO 4 ) in the downwind region as a function of h, τ = SO 2 chemical lifetime = 1/ l [OH] [M], l = third order rate constant, u = wind speed, and x = distance from source region. State briefly the major assumptions used in deriving your formula. Graph P as a function of x from 0 km to 1000 km from the source for u = 3.3 m/sec, h = 1.9 km, l = 2 x 10 –31 cm 6 molecule –2 sec –1 , and [OH] = 2 x 10 6 radicals cm
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2011 for the course CHEMICAL E 20.410j taught by Professor Rogerd.kamm during the Spring '03 term at MIT.

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psn_2 - 12.806 / 10.571 Atmospheric Physics and Chemistry...

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