lec_21_22_23_24 - Unit VI. Carboxylic Acids and Derivatives...

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A. Carboxylic Acids 1. Structure 2. Acidity 3. Synthesis 4. Carboxylic Acid Derivatives B. Acyl Transfer Reactions 1. Background 2. Acid Chlorides/Anhydrides 3. Esters 4. Carboxylic Acids 5. Amides 6. Evidence for Tetrahedral Intermediate C. Reactions with NaBH 4 , LiAlH 4 , RMgBr, RLi D. Chemistry of Nitriles 1. Formation 2. Reactions Suggesting reading : 19.2-19.8, 19.11, 20.1-20.9, 21.1-21.7 Suggested problems: 20.23-20.27, 20.34, 20.35, 20.39, 20.41, 20.43, 20.44, 21.36- 21.41, 21.44-21.48, 21.51-21.54, 21.56-21.58 Un U it VI. Carboxylic Acids and Derivatives nit VI. Carboxylic Acids and Derivatives Carboxylic Acids Carboxylic Acids OH HO O O HO O NH 2 H 3 C OH O H 3 C OH O Oxalic acid (in spinach - toxic!) H 3 C OH OH O Lactic acid (sour milk) Acetic acid (vinegar) g -aminobutyric acid (GABA) (inhibitory neurotransmitter) Stearic acid (fatty acid, in soaps, candles, plastics, cosmetics) Made by treating animal fat with water at high pressure H 3 C O OH H 3 C OH O Butanoic acid Body odor Hexanoic acid Sweat socks 1
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Carboxylic Acid Derivatives Carboxylic Acid Derivatives O H N S CH 3 O Na Sodium benzoate O N CH 3
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This note was uploaded on 11/27/2011 for the course CHEMICAL E 20.410j taught by Professor Rogerd.kamm during the Spring '03 term at MIT.

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lec_21_22_23_24 - Unit VI. Carboxylic Acids and Derivatives...

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