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Unformatted text preview: Massachusetts Institute of Technology 5.13, Fall 2006 Problem Set #7
Due: November 22, 2006, 12:00 PM
1. For the following compounds circle or draw in the most acidic proton. Rank
the following compounds in order of increasing acidity. Circle the molecules that
would be more than 99% deprotonated by a solution of sodium ethoxide in
O O O O O
COOH OCH3 CH2OH OCH3 O 2. Pentane-2,4-dione exists as a tautomeric mixture of 8% keto and 92% enol
forms. Draw the stable tautomer and explain its unusual stability. O O 3. Show that the two following compounds have the same conjugate base.
Which compound is more acidic? Explain your reasoning using an argument
regarding the relative free energies of the two compounds.
H2C O O
H3C CH3 CH3 4. Provide the most appropriate reagents to form the given products.
Cl Cl Cl Cl
O 1 Massachusetts Institute of Technology 5.13, Fall 2006 5. Account for the fact that treatment of 1,3-diphenyl-1,3-propanedione with I2
and NaOH gives a precipitate of iodoform even though it is not a methyl ketone
(show the mechanism). Note that besides iodoform, the other product of the
reaction (after acidification) is two equivalents of benzoic acid.
6. Give the product(s) that would be expected on reaction of 3-pentanone with 1
equivalent of LDA, followed by 1 equivalent of:
a) b) Br
Cl 7. In either acid or base, 3-cyclohexenone comes to equilibrium with 2cyclohexenone. a) Explain why the equilibrium favors the a,b-unsaturated
ketone over the b,g-unsaturated isomer. b) Provide a mechanism for this
reaction in aqueous NaOH. c) Provide a mechanism for this reaction in dilute
O O 8. Show a synthesis for the following molecules that DOES NOT involve LDA.
Use malonic or acetoacetic esters.
O b) 2 Massachusetts Institute of Technology 5.13, Fall 2006 9. Provide a retrosynthetic analysis of how the following compounds could be
made via an aldol, Claisen, or other type of condensation. Clearly indicate the
starting materials that you would use.
Me c) Et d) C( CH3 ) 3
O O Ph e)
f) Ph Ph 10. Provide products for the following reactions.
H2 O b)
OHC 3 Massachusetts Institute of Technology 5.13, Fall 2006 11. Provide a reasonable mechanism for each of the following transformations.
O K2CO3 a) HO
b) O O
O O O
O c) Et H2O, H3O+ NaOEt heat Et O O
O O KOH d)
e) O O O O O
H2 O Ph * H2O, H3O+ Ph HO OH Ph H heat O OEt Br **Don’t need to show mechansim for alkyne hydration. O K+tBuO- OEt Ph O O 12. Provide a reasonable mechanism for the following transformation.
N H2O, H3O+ Ph ** Hg2+, H2SO4 O
g) O *Don’t need to show mechansim for this step. O
f) O heat O H
N 4 Massachusetts Institute of Technology 5.13, Fall 2006 13. Propose a synthesis for each of the following compounds from the given
O O a) b) HO O O Ph OH Ph
O O Ph
O c) HO Ph Ph Ph
D O D O D d) e) D D
O O O 14. Al Kylation, a graduate student in his tenth year of study, has suggested
each of the below synthetic procedures. Explain why each one cannot be
expected to work.
a) NaOEt O CH3I O
b) O O O
NaOEt O OH H3O + heat O c) O O O O O O d) PhBr O -OH H 5 O
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