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Unformatted text preview: (in addition to those indicated on earlier exam information sheets) Dalton’s Law, Raoult’s Law, Henry’s Law p i = x i p, p A = x A p A *, p B = x B K B Boltzmann molecular & system probability distributions & definitions of molecular & canonical partition functions q & Q − ε i kT − i kT − E i kT − E i kT P i = ∑ e e − kT = e q P i = ∑ e e − E kT = e Q i i i i q q = trans q int Q Q N N = trans Q int = q trans q int distinguishable particles N Q Q q trans N = trans Q int = q int indistinguishable particles N ! Classical equipartition of energy result 1 1 U = NkT C V = Nk for each classical degree of freedom kinetic or potential energy 2 2 Relations for and between q & Q for independent degrees of freedom...
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