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Lecture1-228a - Lecture 1 Introduction to Fiber Optics ECE...

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ECE 228A Fall 2011 Daniel J. Blumenthal 1.1 Lecture 1- Introduction to Fiber Optics
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Projected IP Growth ECE 228A Fall 2011 Daniel J. Blumenthal 1.2 Courtesy G. Epps, Cisco
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Human Genomics 7 EB/yr, 200% CAGR Clinical Image DB ~1PB Ave. Files on HD 54GB Physics (LHC) 300 EB/yr Retail Customer DB 600 TB Business Medical Personal Media Science HD video projection 12 EB/yr Social Media Estimating the Exaflood, Discovery Institute, January 2008 Amassing Digital Fortunes, a Digital Storage Study , Consumer Electronic Association, March 2008 Its Raining Data Slide Courtesy Intel ECE 228A Fall 2011 Daniel J. Blumenthal 1.3
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Billions of New Sources to Come Slide Courtesy Intel Digital Signage Robotics Digital Security Surveillance Printers Transportation Test & Measurement Network Appliances Wireless Infrastructure Routing & Switching Enterprise VoIP Enterprise Security IP Services Military ATM Medical Imaging Gaming Aerospace Kiosks Point of Sale Industrial PC Thin Client In-Vehicle Infotainment Medical Portable IP Cameras Home Automation Sensors Residential Gateway IP Media Phones Factory Automation Energy & Utilities Control 50+ billion devices. <1% connected as of 2009 ECE 228A Fall 2011 Daniel J. Blumenthal 1.4
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Global Data Timeline Slide Courtesy Intel 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 1 ZB 500 EB 1.5 ZB 2 ZB Generated data exceeds global storage capacity A Zetabyte of data is generated in one year Twice as much data generated than can be stored 126 million blogs 234 million websites 1.73 billion web users 90 trillion emails sent A Flood of Data is being created at a 60% growth rate – may become more than we can handle! ECE 228A Fall 2011 Daniel J. Blumenthal 1.5
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24Hz 48Hz 60Hz 120Hz (3D) HDR Increase (color depth) 24 48 24 48 24 48 24 48 Today: Full HD 1080p 1.19 Gbps 2.39 Gbps 2.39 Gbps 4.78 Gbps 2.99 Gbps 5.97 Gbps 5.97 Gbps 11.94 Gbps Tomorrow : Quad HD 2160p 4.78 Gbps 9.56 Gbps 9.56 Gbps 19.11 Gbps 11.94 Gbps 23.89 Gbps 23.89 Gbps 47.78 Gbps High Dynamic Range 3D Displays Future: Ultra High Definition (4320p, 30bpp, 60Hz) needs 60 Gbps! Photonic links could facilitate better TV experiences Example: Advanced Video Technology Slide Courtesy Intel ECE 228A Fall 2011 Daniel J. Blumenthal 1.6
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Data Center Ethernet Demands ECE 228A Fall 2011 Daniel J. Blumenthal 1.7
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Rationale for Terabit Optical Ethernet Commercial Ethernet is rapidly moving to 100Gbps deployment using optical coherent technologies – Slow for future Terabyte Applications !!! Data centers are talking this capacity! ECE 228A Fall 2011 Daniel J. Blumenthal 1.8
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Historical Fiber Capacity Capacity Limits of Optical Fiber Networks, René-Jean Essiambre et. al., JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 28, NO. 4, FEBRUARY 15, 2010 ECE 228A Fall 2011 Daniel J. Blumenthal 1.9
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Carbon Footprint Contributions of Information Technologies ECE 228A Fall 2011 Daniel J. Blumenthal 1.10
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ECE 228A Fall 2011 Daniel J. Blumenthal 1.11 Network Classification Local Area Networks (LANs) Enterprise Networks Metropolitan Area Networks ( MANs ) Wide Area Networks (WANs) Access networks Undersea Networks Local Exchange Networks Interexchange Networks Public Networks
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ECE 228A Fall 2011 Daniel J. Blumenthal 1.12 Public Networks Local Access Network Metropolitan Local-exchange Network Long Haul Interexchange Network Central Office (CO)
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ECE 228A Fall 2011 Daniel J. Blumenthal 1.13 Enterprise Networks CO WAN LAN MAN Point-of-Presence (POP) POP
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