ch03 - Chapter 3: Nucleotides, Nucleic Acids, and Genetic...

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Chapter 3: Nucleotides, Nucleic Acids, and Genetic Information Matching A) diploid B) phosphodiester C) probe D) pyrimidine E) introns F) cloning G) transformed H) exons I) ampicillin J) autoradiography K) chain-terminator L) purine 1. Cytosine, uracil, and thymine are structural derivatives of ______. Ans: D Section 3.1 Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: Nucleotides 2. Nucleotides are linked by a ______ bond. Ans: B Section 3.2.A Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: Introduction to Nucleic Acid Structure 3. Human genomes have two sets of chromosomes, and are ______ organisms. Ans: A Section 3.3.A Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: Overview of Nucleic Acid Function 4. Experiments by Avery and colleagues proved that DNA was the substance that _____ a non- pathogenic pneumococcus strain to a virulent strain. Ans: G Section 3.3.A Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: Overview of Nucleic Acid Function 5. The method that Sanger developed for sequencing DNA using dideoxy nucleotides is called the ______ method.
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Ans: K Section 3.4.C Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: Nucleic Acid Sequencing 6. Plasmids are small, circular DNA molecules that are used in ______. Ans: F Section 3.5.A Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: Manipulating DNA 7. Certain plasmids contain genes for resistance to ______. Ans: I Section 3.5.A Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: Manipulating DNA 8. A small fragment of labeled DNA or RNA used in hybridization is called a ______. Ans: C Section 3.5.C Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: Manipulating DNA 9. After hybridization, the fragment of interest can be detected by ______. Ans: J Section 3.5.B Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: Manipulating DNA 10. Eukaryotic genes often contain regions that are transcribed and later excised from the RNA, called ______. Ans: E Section 3.5.D Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: Overview of Nucleic Acid Function Multiple Choice 11. What group is attached to the ring in thymine and is not found on uracil? A) ribose B) CH 3 C) NH 3 D) OCH 3 E) none of the above
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Ans: B Section 3.1 Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: Nucleotides 12. Nucleotides contain phosphate groups bonded to the: A) C3 or C5 atoms B) C3 or C3 atoms C) C5 or N9 atoms D) C3 or N9 atoms E) none of the above Ans: A Section 3.1 Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: Nucleotides 13. The most common tautomeric form of the purine and pyrimidine bases in nucleic acids is the: A) enol form B) imino form C) keto form D) ester form E) none of the above Ans: C Section 3.2.B Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: Introduction to Nucleic Acid Structure 14. Which of the following DNA sequences is (are) palindromic? A) AGCT B) AAGNCTT C) AGGA D) A and B E) A and C Ans: D Section 3.4.A Difficulty: Difficult Learning Objective: Nucleic Acid Sequencing
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15. DNA sequencing using the Sanger method requires: A) template, primer, DNA polymerase, mRNA, dNTPs, ddNTP B) template, primer, DNA polymerase, dNTPs, ddNTP C) template, primer, DNA polymerase, rRNA, dNTPs, ddNTP
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ch03 - Chapter 3: Nucleotides, Nucleic Acids, and Genetic...

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