11:10 - Translating Nutritional Science into Chronic Disease Prevention

11:10 - Translating Nutritional Science into Chronic Disease Prevention

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Introduction to Nutrition and Chronic Disease Reading: Gropper 4 th ed, Ch 16, pp. 551–565 Gropper 5 th ed, Ch 15, pp. 565–572 "Judging the Evidence," from the 2007 AICR Report on Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and the Prevention of Cancer: a Global Perspective. http://www.dietandcancerreport.org/downloads/chapters/chapter_03.pdf
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2 Objectives for today: Introduction Research: How we know what we know
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3 ALL CAUSES 2,425,901 Diseases of the heart 629,191 (710,760 in 2002) Malignant neoplasms (cancer) 560,102 (553,091 in 2002) Cerebrovascular disease (stroke) 137,265 (167,661 in 2002) Chronic lower respiratory disease 124,614 Unintentional injuries (accidents) 117,748 Alzheimer’s disease 72,914 Diabetes mellitus 72,507 (69,301 in 2002) Pneumonia and influenza 56,247 Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome, and nephrosis 44,791 Septicemia 34,031 Leading Causes of Death, All Races and Both Genders, U.S. (NCHS, CDC, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2006) Rank Order and Number of Deaths
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4 1,000.0 1.0 1980 1970 100.0 10.0 1975 1960 1990 1985 1995 1965 0.1 Figure 5. Age-adjusted death rates for selected leading causes of death: United States, 1958-2005 Rate per 100,000 U.S. standard population ICD-7 ICD- 8 ICD-9 Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis 1 Malignant neoplasms 1 Accidents (unintentional injuries) 1 Cerebrovascular diseases 1 Diseases of heart 1 1 Circled numbers indicate ranking of conditions as leading causes of death in 2005. NOTE: Age-adjusted rates per 100,000 U.S. standard population, see “Technical Notes.” 2 3 5 7 1 Alzheimer’s disease 1 13 1958 2000 ICD-10 Hypertension 1 Parkinson’s disease 1 9 14 2005
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5 United States Year 2000 Standard Population
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11:10 - Translating Nutritional Science into Chronic Disease Prevention

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