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2_ProteinEnergyMalnutritionNied2011

2_ProteinEnergyMalnutritionNied2011 - 6 determinants of...

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6 determinants of malnutrition – the 6 Ps : · poverty , the main causes of malnutrition · production - insufficient agricultural and food production · population- role of women/government · preservation of food (wastage and loss) · politics , i.e. political actions influence nutrition · pathology /disease infection risk with poor nutrition.
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Malnutrition http://youtu.be/ z78PfIrB8XE Marasmus images statistics Haiti Malnutrition http://youtu.be/lqTLu_ZK
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Malnutrition Undernutrition Macronutrients Micronutrients (hidden) Overnutrition Becoming more prevalent Sometimes combined with under nutrition
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Not the same for everyone Vulnerable populations Fetus Infant Child Pregnant & lactating women
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Undernutrition Macronutrients Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) Marasmus, Kwashiorkor Micronutrient deficiencies Vitamin A deficiency & disorders Iron deficiency anemia Zinc deficiency Iodine deficiency & disorders Other micronutrient deficits Infection and disease
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Hunger is a term which has three meanings A. the uneasy or painful sensation caused by want of food B. the exhausted condition caused by want of food the want or scarcity of food in a country C. a strong desire or craving World hunger refers to A, B, or C?
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What percentage of the world's population is hungry? (Round to the nearest number below.) A. 6.25 percent--1/16th of the world's population B. 14.3 percent--1/7th of the world's population C. 25 percent--1/4th of the world's population
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Macronutrients Major roles/function of: Carbohydrate Fat Protein
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Functions of Proteins Structural Enzymes Hormones Transporters Fluid balance Acid/base balance Antibodies Visual pigment Blood clotting
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Structural Collagen Matrix of bones and teeth Ligaments and tendons Scar tissue Strengthening glue between the cell of the arterial wall Protein deposition In cells Skin GI tract
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