14_NiedDietHealthLongevity2011

14_NiedDietHealthLongevity2011 - scale of the problem we...

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Unformatted text preview: scale of the problem we face is clear with the projected number of deaths attributabl chronic diseases rising from 4 million in 1990 (40% of all deaths) to an expected 7.6 million in 2020 (67% of all deaths). Chronic Diseases Chronic diseasessuch as heart disease, cancer, and diabetesare the leading causes of death and disability in the United States. Chronic diseases account for 70% of all deaths in the U.S & 80% of deaths in developing world Four modifiable health risk behaviorslack of physical activity, poor nutrition, tobacco use, and excessive alcohol consumption are responsible for much of the illness, suffering, and early death related to chronic Ten Leading Causes of Death in the U.S. Diabetes, cardiovascular disease, & cancer accounts for most deaths in all regions of the world except South Asia and sub- Saharan Africa. While infectious diseases, lack of nutrition, and other traditional killers are claiming fewer lives in developing countries, deaths attributable to chronic diseases are rising. USA 2009 Statistics (CDC) Heart disease: 616,067 Cancer: 562,875 Stroke (cerebrovascular diseases): 135,952 Chronic respiratory diseases:127,924 Accidents : 123,706 Alzheimer's disease: 74,632 Diabetes: 71,382 Worldwide obesity has more than doubled since 1980. In 2008, 1.5 billion adults, 20 and older, were overweight. 200 million men & 300 million women were obese. 65% of the world's population live in countries where overweight and obesity kills more people than underweight. Nearly 43 million children under the age of five were overweight in 2010. Obesity is preventable. Other chronic disease contributors: 1 billion+ smoke Tobacco kills up to half of its users Nearly 80% of the more than one billion smokers worldwide live in low- and middle-income countries, where the burden of tobacco-related illness and death is heaviest. Cardiovascular Disease: Causes 2/3 of Deaths Worldwide Cardiovascular Disease (CVD): Over 80% of CVD deaths take place in low/ midd income countries. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women in the U.S....
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This note was uploaded on 11/25/2011 for the course NTR 321 taught by Professor Niederreither during the Spring '11 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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14_NiedDietHealthLongevity2011 - scale of the problem we...

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