1497890846-PracticeFirstMTKey

1497890846-PracticeFirstMTKey - Anthropology 152 Name_ Lab...

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1 Anthropology 152 Name________________________ Lab Time_____________________ Practice First Midterm 1. Circle "true" as the answer to the following statement: True or False: The scientific study of human origins seeks to approach greater understanding of who we are by studying our biological relationships to other animals and by tracing our deep history recorded in the crust of the Earth as fossils and material culture left by our ancestors. 2. Circle "false" as the answer to the next statement: True or False: Ever since the publication of the Origin of Species all scientists have agreed on the broad outline of human evolution and on all details in that outline. This is because scientists occupy a monolithic bastion of truth with no disagreements. Circle the single best answer: 3. Darwin, Huxley, Haeckel and other 19 th century evolutionists: A. wrote that people are most closely related to monkeys B. avoided comment on human’s place in nature C. championed the view that people are more closely related to apes than apes are to monkeys D. all of the above E. none of the above 4. According to lecture, the 19 th century orthodoxy on people’s place in nature: A. was widely accepted throughout the 20 th century by almost all scientists B. was challenged by many because of the apparent unique featureS of people implied a long separation from the animal world C. was challenged in the 20 th century by some who argued that our last common ancestor with the animal world was ape-like D. B and C only E. none of the above 5. The last common ancestor of the living members of the superfamily Hominoidea probably shared the following synapomorphies relative to Cercopithecoidea ( fill in the chart ): Cercopithecoidea Hominoidea Relative length of lower back (lumbar region) Long Short Shape of rib cage Deep & Narrow Shallow & Broad Ulnar olecranon length Long Short Length of forelimb relative to trunk Short Long Length of clavicle Short Long Tail? Yes No Circle the single best answer:
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2 6. The “knuckle-walking” hypothesis or late divergence hypothesis: A. argued that the last common ancestor of people and the animal world was similar to the African apes B. was supported by measures of genetic distance among living species C. was supported by the results of comparing proteins in different species using immunological techniques D. all of the above E. none of the above 7. The molecular clock:
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This note was uploaded on 11/25/2011 for the course ANT 152 taught by Professor Staff during the Winter '08 term at UC Davis.

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1497890846-PracticeFirstMTKey - Anthropology 152 Name_ Lab...

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