DevHandouts - Chapter 14 Socioemotional Development in...

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Chapter 14 Socioemotional Development in Middle Adulthood Erikson’s Middle Adulthood The crisis of generativity versus stagnation Generativity -- adults’ desire to leave legacies of themselves to the next generation Stagnation -- develops when individuals sense that they have done nothing for the next generation also known as self-absorption Generativity Commitment to continuation and improvement of society as a whole Biological generativity -- bearing offspring Parental generativity -- nurturing children Work generativity -- skills to pass on Cultural generativity -- creating, renovating, and conserving some aspect of culture Critique of Stage Theories Stage theories place too much emphasis on crisis, especially in midlife They focus on universals and do not account for individual differences Life Events Approach Some events tax ability to cope and force personality change Contemporary life events approach emphasizes considering event as well as mediating factors, adaptation to the event, the life-stage context, and the historical context May overemphasize change and discount the importance of everyday stressors Life-Events Approach Contexts Historical contexts -- cohort effects cohort -- individuals born in the same year or time period cohort and context influence values, attitudes, expectations, and behavior social clock -- timetable according to which individuals are expected to accomplish life’s major tasks; provides a guide for life Stability and Change Evidence does not support the view that personality traits become completely fixed at a certain age in adulthood Some people are likely to change more than others Thus, personality traits become most stable in the 50s and 60s but are not completely fixed Close Relationships
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Love and Marriage affectionate, companionate love increases in middle adulthood even difficult marriages become better adjusted in middle adulthood married people express satisfaction Divorce in middle adulthood couples may be alienated and avoidant divorce may be more positive in some ways and more negative in others + -- often more resources + -- children less “damaged” and can cope better minus -- may be seen as personal failure or as betrayal A study by AARP found many stayed together for their children and that men and
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This note was uploaded on 11/25/2011 for the course PSYCH 092 taught by Professor Peter during the Fall '09 term at San Jose City College.

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DevHandouts - Chapter 14 Socioemotional Development in...

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