SATIRE AND SATIRICAL DEVICESSatire—sarcasm, irony or wit used to ridicule or mock with the intent of changing for the betterSatirical styles:1. Direct—satire is directly stated2. Indirectsatire is communicated through characters in a situationTypes of Satire:1. Horatian—light-hearted, intended for fun2. Juvenalian—bitter, angry attackingSatirical Devices:1. Irony—the actual intent is expressed in words which carry the opposite meaning. It is lighter, less harsh in wording than sarcasm, though more cutting because of its indirectness. The ability to recognize irony is one of the surest tests of intelligence and sophistication. Irony speaks words of praise to imply blame and words of blame to imply praise. Writer is using a tongue-in-cheek style. Irony is achieved through such techniques as hyperbole and understatement.A. Verbal Irony—simply an inversion of meaningB. Dramatic Irony—when the words or acts of a character carry a meaning unperceived by himself but understood by the audience.
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