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Appendix Part2 Inferential Stats

Appendix Part2 Inferential Stats - Basic Statistics...

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Basic Statistics: Overview Inferential statistics: Statistical significance Inferential tests of group differences Inferential tests of relations between variables
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Inferential Statistics Allows researchers to: Make inferences about their data set Conclude that their findings are genuine and not due to chance
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Inferential Statistics: Statistical Significance Statistical significance: Occurs when you have a “very low probability” that your findings are due to chance What is considered a “very low probability”? p = .05 level of significance: » Researchers accept a 5% chance that the results are due to chance alone
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Inferential Statistics: Statistical Significance appropriate inferential test P < .05 P > .05 Translate result into p-value Statistically  non- significant Statistically  significant
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Inferential Statistics: Statistical Significance Statistical lingo: The results are “statistically significant” means: There is less than a 5% chance that the results are due to chance alone If p > .05, you would say: “The results are non-significant” Is it possible to “prove” your hypothesis?
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