CC 306M NOTES - CC 306M NOTES Chapter 1: Basic Term...

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CC 306M NOTES Chapter 1: Basic Term Components Rod of Asclepius – greek god of medicine 5 th BCE; one snake wrapped around staff Caduceus of Hermes – messenger God; 2 snakes wrapped and wings 16 th CE starts being associated with medicine after printed in a book connotation is more of a money maker rather than pure intentions Hippocratic Aphorism 1.1 On the rod Aphorism – short, pithy format to remember it better in medical field “Life is short, the art long, opportunity fleeting, experience misleading, judgment difficult, the physician must not only be prepared to do what is right himself, but also to make the patient, attendants, and externals cooperate” o Life is short, medicine is long-lasting art, act fast or can’t treat, think wisely Greek Roots Bio- life Brachy – short Techno – artisan Macro – large/long Oxy – sharp/acute/powerful/acidic Eponyms : Gr. Epi-upon + onyma – name Diseases and techniques named after ancient physicians, Greek and Roman myths Why Greek? o Hippocrates was father of medicine Greek Origins of Medical Terms Hippocratic corpus o Around 60 books o 5 th -4 th BCE o Series of texts not necessarily written by Hippocrates o Every disease had a natural cause NOT by gods NB (nota bene) “know well” – Iatro = relationship to medicine or a physician Physician – practicitioner of physics or nature Doctor – they got a degree for medicine Greek Origins of Medical Terms Alexandrians (Hellenistitc 323 BC – 146 BC) o Where greatest minds went for medicine o Erasistratus and Herophilus did some human anatomy dissections
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Galen (2 nd AD) – wrote more than anybody else, wrote about many different concepts o Was Marcus Aurelius’ physician Latin Origins of Medical Terms Romans conquered Greeks 146 BC Greek physicians share knowledge and change their way of life Celsus – wrote about greek medicine and translated it, De Medicina (on medicine) to a book Latinazation – bronxos/bronchus, theke/theca, kranion/cranium New terms made Preservation and Expansion of Greek Medicine Byzantine o Take old Greek texts and make new long books ( Compendia) and shortened versions Medieval/ Aramaic Medicine o Preserved Greek texts and new texts mixed o L. Dura mater – “thick mother of the brain” o Translated from Latin to Aramaic translation Medieval Latin West o Wrote, spoke Latin ONLY Renaissance 15 th Greek texts become new again because of new Greek immigrant teachers Latin Humanists – went back to original Greek texts, no Arabic for the “font of knowledge” – fountain of knowledge, but didn’t really get anything new Common Language of Western Academics was Latin 20 th century o Anglicized Artery – arteria Vein – vena o o Standardization – less terms to learn Diagnostic terms in Greek, anatomical in Latin
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CC 306M NOTES - CC 306M NOTES Chapter 1: Basic Term...

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