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Group Decision Making - Running Head GROUP DECISION MAKING...

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Running Head: GROUP DECISION MAKING 1 Group Decision Making Harold Jackson, Jr. MGT 415: Group Behavior in Organizations Instructor: Brandy Goldston September 5, 2011
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GROUP DECISION MAKING 2 A group decision is an agreement between members of a group, which of some courses of action are helpful for accomplishing the goals the group has set forth. Decision making is something that all individuals utilize in their everyday lives, whether it’s in an individual decision or a group decision. According to our text, decision making is the process through which groups identify problems in achieving the group’s goal and attain solutions to them. When making a group decision, group leaders and members must utilize the major characteristics of an effective group decision, in order to reach their goals. These major characteristics are divided into five categories that can further assist a group in the process. A group that utilizes these characteristics is the Georgia Department of Education and they not only use them within each school, but also within the classroom. A group can be found in many places such as a home, communities or a business. In a home usually parents or guardians are the ones who make the family decisions. However in a community or a business one will find that there are many groups that are in charge of decision making. “Some organizations or parts of organizations, such as parliaments, boards, or management teams, are expected to make many decisions; and decision-making is expected to be their main activity.” (Brunsson, 2007, p.10). Groups are required to have a leader, which is “an individual who exerts the greatest influence on other members.” (Johnson & Johnson, 2009, p. 578). In the GDOE, there are several groups and leaders that have the ability to make group decisions.
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GROUP DECISION MAKING 3 Group decision making can be sort of a participatory process. In this process several individuals acting as a group analyze problems or situations, consider and evaluate different courses of action, and decided on which solution is best. Depending on the group two or more individuals can be involved in the decision making. Decision-making groups may be comparatively informal in nature, or formally generated with a detailed purpose. As I mentioned before, a group requires a leader in order to function effectively. “Leadership is the process through which leaders exert such influence.” (Johnson & Johnson, 2009, p. 168). Being a leader and exerting leadership requires certain abilities. A leader must have the capability to assist the group in achieving its goals and maintain successful relationships between the members. I believe that leaders are an important aspect of groups because “without followers there can be no leader, and without a leader there can be no followers” (Johnson & Johnson, p. 185).
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