e1005.full - Adolescents Living the 24/7 Lifestyle Effects...

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DOI: 10.1542/peds.2008-3641 2009;123;e1005 Pediatrics Christina J. Calamaro, Thornton B. A. Mason and Sarah J. Ratcliffe Sleep Duration and Daytime Functioning Adolescents Living the 24/7 Lifestyle: Effects of Caffeine and Technology on http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/123/6/e1005.full.html located on the World Wide Web at: The online version of this article, along with updated information and services, is of Pediatrics. All rights reserved. Print ISSN: 0031-4005. Online ISSN: 1098-4275. Boulevard, Elk Grove Village, Illinois, 60007. Copyright © 2009 by the American Academy published, and trademarked by the American Academy of Pediatrics, 141 Northwest Point publication, it has been published continuously since 1948. PEDIATRICS is owned, PEDIATRICS is the official journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics. A monthly by guest on November 26, 2011 pediatrics.aappublications.org Downloaded from
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ARTICLE Adolescents Living the 24/7 Lifestyle: Effects of Caffeine and Technology on Sleep Duration and Daytime Functioning Christina J. Calamaro, PhD, CRNP a , Thornton B. A. Mason, MD, PhD, MSCE b,c , Sarah J. Ratcliffe, PhD b a College of Nursing and Allied Professions, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; b School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; c Division of Neurology and Center for Sleep, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania The authors have indicated they have no financial relationships relevant to this article to disclose. What’s Known on This Subject Aspects of adolescent lifestyle, such as academic stress or social pursuits, can interact and lead to irregular sleep patterns. Poor sleep quality and shortened sleep duration have been associated with mental and physical comorbidities and decreased quality of life in adolescents. What This Study Adds No studies to date have quantified nighttime technology use and caffeine consumption to assess their potential effects on sleep duration and daytime behaviors in a group of middle school and high school adolescents aged 12 to 18 years. ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE. Adolescents may not receive the sleep they need. New media technology and new, popular energy drinks may be implicated in sleep deficits. In this pilot study we quantified nighttime technology use and caffeine consumption to determine effects on sleep duration and daytime behaviors in adolescents. We hypothesized that with increased technology use, adolescents increase caffeine consumption, resulting in insufficient sleep duration. PATIENTS AND METHODS. Subjects were recruited from a pediatric office in a proximal suburb of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Inclusion criteria for this study were middle and high school subjects aged 12 to 18 years old. The questionnaire, Adolescent Sleep, Caffeine Intake, and Technology Use, was developed by the investigators to measure adolescents’ intake of caffeinated drinks, use of nighttime media-related technology, and sleep behaviors. Descriptive statistics characterized the subjects, their caffeine and technology use, and sleep variables. Regression models assessed
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This note was uploaded on 11/26/2011 for the course BIOLOGY 2c03 taught by Professor Dej during the Spring '11 term at McMaster University.

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e1005.full - Adolescents Living the 24/7 Lifestyle Effects...

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