ANAT 2626 Midterm Study Questions (Student Made Spring 2011) with Answers

ANAT 2626 Midterm Study Questions (Student Made Spring 2011) with Answers

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Unformatted text preview: Cranial Meninges and Interior of Skull 1. Which of the following does NOT include an attachment of the tentorium cerbelli? a. Clinoid process b. Petrous bone c. Occipital bone d. Cristae galli 2. What connects the cavernous sinus to the transverse sinuses? a. Inferior petrosal sinuses b. Superior petrosal sinuses c. Transverse sinus d. Cavernous sinus 3. The nerve supply of the duramater includes branches of the a. Hypoglossal nerve b. Vagus nerve c. Trigeminal nerve d. Abducens nerve 4. Hemorrhage into the subarachnoid space may result in which of the following? a. Meningeal irritation b. Severe headache c. Stiff neck d. Loss of consciousness e. All of the above 5. Which of the following statements are true? a. The dura mater is the innermost protective covering of the brain. b. The middle meningeal veins accompany the middle meningeal arteries and run along the superior sagittal sulcus. c. The pia mater forms the periarterial space where the cerebral arteries penetrate the cerebral cortex. d. The dura mater is supplied by the maxillary, mandibular, and abducens nerves. Eye, Orbit, Orbital Region and Eyeball 1. The presynaptic parasympathetic secretomotor fibers to the lacrimal gland are conveyed from the _____________________ nerve by the greater petrosal nerve: a. Trochlear b. Facial c. Trigeminal d. Spinal accessory 2. The lateral rectus muscle is controlled by the _____________ nerve. a. Facial b. Oculomotor c. Trochlear d. Abducent 3. Which of the following nerves are not transmitted through the superior orbital fissure? a. Trochlear nerve b. Facial Nerve c. Oculomotor nerve d. Abducent nerve 4. A lesion of the ____________ nerve causes paralysis of the levator palpebrae superiouris and the superior eyelid droops. a. Facial b. Optic c. Hypoglossal d. Oculormotor 5. Which artery is part of the orbit? a. Opthalmic artery b. Supraorbital artery c. Axillary artery d. Lateral artery of the retina Deep Structures of the Neck 1. All of the following are branches of the subclavian artery except: a. Vertebral Artery b. Internal Thoracic Artery c. Thyrocervical Trunk d. Suprascapular Artery 2. Basilar artery is formed by the two vertebral arteries at: a. Superior border of the pons b. Inferior border of the pons c. Anterior border of the brain stem d. Base of the cerebellum 3. A lesion of the sympathetic cervical trunk results in Horner’s syndrome is characterized by: a. Dilation of pupils b. Ptosis of superior eyelid c. Exopthalmus d. Vasoconstriction and profuse sweating 4. In 80% of people the inferior cervical ganglion fuses with the _________ to form the large cervical thoracic ganglion. a. Second thoracic ganglion b. First thoracic ganglion c. First and Second Thoracic ganglion d. None of the above 5. The Cervicodorsal trunk dives into: a. Superficial cervical artery and dorsal scapular artery b. Superficial cervical artery and inferior thyroid artery c. Dorsoscapular artery and ascending cervical artery d. None of the above Fascia of Neck 1. What is not apart if the deep cervical fascia? a. Investing layer b. Pre tracheal layer c. Pre vertebral layer d. Retro tracheal Layer 2. Which structure is not part of the Carotid Sheath? a. Phrenic Nerve b. Internal Jugular Vein c. Vagus Nerve d. Carotid Sinus Nerve 3. What nerve root supplies the superior root of the Ansa Cervicalis? a. C1 b. C3 c. C2 d. None of the above 4. What is the largest and most important interfascial space in the neck ? a. Retropharyngeal space b. Supersternal space c. Pre tracheal layer d. Investing layer 5. Paralysis of what muscle results from injury to the cervical branch of the facial nerve? a. SCM b. Platysma c. Omohyoid d. Splenius Capitus Viscera of Neck 1. Parathormone is produced by the parathyroid gland and controls what? a. Metabolism of phophorus in the blood b. Metabolism of calcium in the blood c. Two above d. None of the above 2. What is the 1st branch of the external carotid artery? a. Ascending cervical artery b. Supraclavicular artery c. Superior thyroid artery d. Facial artery 3. Which of the infrahyoid muscles is not innervated by ansa cervicalis? a. Thyrohyoid b. Omohyoid c. Sternohyoid d. Sternothryoid 4. Enlargement of the thyroid gland result from: a. Excessive iodine b. Deficient iodine c. Excessive thyroxine d. Deficient thyroxine 5. What structure lies in the neck lateral to the thyrohyoid muscle? a. Aberrant thyroid gland b. Thyroglossal duct/cyst c. Pyramidal lobe of thyroid gland d. Accessory thyroid glandular tissue Anterior Cervical Region 1. Which artery has no branches in the neck and enters the skull through the carotid canal? a. Common carotid b. Internal carotid c. Vertebral d. Occipital 2. Unites with the subclavian vein to form the brachiocephalic vein. a. Internal jugular b. External jugular c. Anterior jugular d. Retropharyngeal 3. Which vein usually drains into the suboccipital venous plexus? a. Anterior jugular vein b. Occipital vein c. Lingual vein d. Facial vein 4. Which is the correct boundaries for the anterior triangle? a. Median line of neck, Anterior border of SCM, Inferior Border of the Mandible b. Median line of neck, Trapezius, Anterior border of SCM c. Trapezius, Deltoid, SCM d. Lateral line of neck, Posterior border of SCM, Posterior Border of Mandible 5. What are the contents of the carotid sheath? a. External carotid artery, Vagus nerve, External jugular vein b. Common carotid artery, Phrenic nerve, Internal jugular vein c. Common carotid artery, Vagus nerve, External jugular vein d. Common carotid artery, Vagus nerve, Internal jugular vein 6. What forms the mobile and stable floor of the mouth? a. Geniohyoid b. Anterior belly of digastric c. Mylohyoid d. Stylohyoid 7. What is the nerve innervation of the inferior belly of omohyoid? a. C2 ­C3 b. C1 C3 from Ansa Cervicalis c. Trigeminal nerve d. Facial nerve 8. What statement about the hypoglossal nerve is false? a. It is the 12th cranial nerve b. It supplies the intrinsic muscles of the tongue c. It supplies four extrinsic muscles of the tongue d. It gives the superior root of the ansa cervicalis e. It runs anterior to the anterior belly of digastric Superficial Structures of the Neck : Cervical Regions 1. What are the floor muscles of the Posterior Cervical Triangle from superior to inferior? a. Posterior Scalene – Middle Scalene – Levator Scapulae – Splenius Capitis b. Splenius Capitis – Levator Scapulae – Middle Scalene – Posterior Scalene c. Levator Scapulae – Splenius Capitis – Posterior Scalene – Middle Scalene d. Splenius Capitis – Levator Scapulae – Posterior Scalene – Middle Scalene 2. Which of these is not an insertion of the SCM? a. Mastoid Process of the Temporal Bone b. Styloid Process c. Lateral part of the Superior Nuchal Line of the Occipital Bone d. All of the above e. None of the above 3. What does the Great Auricular Nerve Supply? a. The Skin over the sheath surrounding the Parotid Gland b. The Mastoid Process c. Both surfaces of the Auricle d. An area of skin extending from the angle of the mandible to the mastoid e. All of the above 4. Which of the following statements is incorrect regarding the External Jugular Vein? a. External Jugular Vein may serve as an internal barometer b. Physical exam may indicate heart failure c. Physical exam may indicate IVC obstruction d. It runs along the Sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscle 5. The External Jugular Vein: a. Crosses the SCM and terminates in the Internal Jugular Vein b. Crosses the posterior digastrics muscle and terminates in the Subclavian Vein c. Crosses the SCM and terminates in the Subclavian Vein d. Crosses superficial to the Platysma and terminates in the Subvlavian Vein ...
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